JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT31] Planetary cores: Structure, formation, and evolution

convener:Hidenori Terasaki(Faculty of Science, Okayama University), Eiji Ohtani(Department of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Gerd Steinle-Neumann(Bayerisches Geoinstitut, Universitaet Bayreuth), William F McDonough(Department of Earth Science and Research Center for Neutrino Science, Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8578, Japan)

[SIT31-05] Sound velocity of B2-FeNiSi alloy at high pressure determined with inelastic X-ray scattering: Implications for the composition of the Earth's inner core

Serena Dominijanni1, *Eiji Ohtani2, Daijo Ikuta2, Tatsuya Sakamaki2, Hiroshi Fukui3, Catherine McCammon1, Leonid Dubrovinsky1, Hiroshi Uchiyama4, Alfred Q.R. Baron5 (1.Bayeriches Geoinstitit, University of Bayreuth, 2.Department of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 3.University of Hyogo, 4.Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, 5.RIKEN)

Keywords:Sound velocity, Inner core, B2-FeNiSi alloy, High Pressure, Inelastic X-ray scattering

Geochemical and geophysical studies provide evidence that Earth’s core contains iron with 5-7 wt.% of nickel [1] and a small amount of light elements (such as silicon, sulfur, oxygen, hydrogen, and carbon) that can justify the observed density deficit with respect to pure iron [e.g., 2]. The cosmochemical abundance of Si and its involvement in chemical reactions at the core mantle boundary (CMB) indicate that it can be considered as one of the major alloying elements in the Earth’s core [1].

We measured the sound velocity of Fe78Ni7Si15 alloy with a B2 structure at room temperature up to 90 GPa employing inelastic X-ray scattering to constrain the constitution of the inner core. The density of the alloy was also determined by X-ray diffraction under the same conditions. The relation of the P-wave velocity (vP) and density (ρ) of B2-Fe78Ni7Si15 alloy follows Birch’s law. We discuss the possibility that the inner core is composed of the B2-Fe78Ni7Si15 alloy or the mixture of hcp and B2 alloys based on Birch’s law determined here for B2-Fe78Ni7Si15 alloy and that for hcp-Fe and FeSi alloys reported previously [3, 4]

[1] McCDonough W.F. and Sun S., (1995), Chem. Geol. 120, 223-253;
[2] Dubrovinsky L., et al., (2000), Phy. Rev. Lett., 84, 1720-1723
[3] Sakamaki et al. (2016), Science Advances, 2, e1500802.
[4] Sakairi et al. (2018), Am Min., 102, 85-90.