JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-MP Mineralogy & Petrology

[S-MP37] Supercontinents and crustal evolution

convener:Madhusoodhan Satish-Kumar(Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Niigata University), Krishnan Sajeev(Centre for Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Science), Tomokazu Hokada(National Institute of Polar Research), Yasuhito Osanai(Division of Evolution of Earth Environments, Faculty of Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu University)

[SMP37-02] Thermal gap between UHT granulite and surrounding pelitic gneiss from Rundvågshetta in the Lützow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica

*Kota Suzuki1, Tetsuo Kawakami1 (1.Department of Geology and Mineralogy, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University)

Keywords:ultrahigh-temperature metamorphism, partial melting, nanogranite inclusion, Zr-in-rutile geothermometer, chemical zoning, phosphorus

Revealing the formation mechanisms of ultrahigh-temperature (UHT) metamorphic rocks is essential to understand the deep crustal processes associated with supercontinent formation events [e.g., 1]. The peak UHT metamorphic conditions and subsequent near-isothermal decompressional P-T paths of UHT granulites from Rundvågshetta (Lützow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica) have been well constrained by several previous studies [e.g., 2]. On the other hand, only a few studies have constrained the P-T conditions of other lithologies occurring in Rundvågshetta, which lack diagnostic mineral assemblages for UHT [e.g., 3]. The P-T evolutions of other lithologies, especially those of pelitic gneisses surrounding the UHT granulite layers or lenses, are indispensable to understand the formation mechanisms of UHT metamorphic rocks.

Recently, a number of trace element geothermometers have been proposed [e.g., 4] and applied to UHT metamorphic rocks [e.g., 5]. The trace element geothermometers have potentials to newly detect UHT metamorphic rocks that do not contain diagnostic mineral assemblages for UHT [6].

By applying the Zr-in-rutile geothermometer [4] to rutile inclusions in garnet enclosing Al2SiO5 minerals and nanogranite inclusions (NIs) [7], this study revealed the detailed P-T-melting histories involving early high-P stages of a UHT granulite and a surrounding pelitic gneiss from Rundvågshetta. Chemical zoning of garnet in terms of P was utilized to indicate isochronous surface. As a result, thermal gap of ~ 100 oC was detected between these two lithologies.

In the case of the pelitic gneiss without diagnostic mineral assemblages for UHT, the P-poor cores of garnet include NIs, as well as sillimanite and biotite. Biotite commonly occurs as inclusion minerals in the P-poor cores of garnet and rarely occurs as matrix minerals. This mode of occurrence of biotite can be interpreted as almost complete consumption of pre-existed matrix biotite during the prograde to peak metamorphism [e.g., 8]. The pre-existed granitic melt, which is now preserved as NIs in the P-poor cores of garnet, was probably produced through dehydration melting reaction consuming biotite under the sillimanite stability field. The estimated P-T condition of the P-poor cores of garnet spans the boundary of granulite/UHT metamorphism (~ 850 oC/0.1 kbar to ~ 930 oC/12.5 kbar).

On the other hand, in the case of the UHT granulite, no evidence of partial melting (i.e., NI) was found in garnet (5 thin sections from single sample). However, melt was probably present during or after the growth of P-poor rims of garnet, because the margins of garnet is partly replaced by the intergrowth of biotite + plagioclase [e.g., 9]. Extremely high-T under high-P condition was obtained from rutile inclusion in the P-rich mantles of garnet enclosing kyanite and sillimanite (~ 1026 oC at 14.6 kbar). Taking the occurrence of orthopyroxene + sillimanite in the rock matrix into account, this UHT granulite experienced the high-P granulite facies metamorphic condition (~ 1026 oC at 14.6 kbar) before the formation of diagnostic mineral assemblage for UHT under the sillimanite stability field.

Since partial melting is an endothermic process that absorbs heat energy to proceed [10], it must have buffered the temperature increase of the pelitic gneiss during the prograde to peak metamorphism in this studied case. On the other hand, if partial melting was suppressed in the case of UHT granulite until peak metamorphism, extremely high-T condition can be attained more readily [10]. The possible differences of timing of partial melting between these two lithologies might cause the thermal gap of ~ 100 oC in this studied case.

[1] Kelsey (2008); [2] Hiroi et al. (2019); [3] Tsunogae et al. (2014); [4] Tomkins et al. (2007); [5] Hart et al. (2018); [6] Kelsey and Hand (2015); [7] Cesare et al. (2009); [8] Kawakami and Hokada (2010); [9] Holness et al. (2011); [10] Clark et al. (2011)