[SMP37-08] Tectonics and crustal evolution of Shevaroy Block, Southern India: Insights from petrology, geochemistry and U-Pb zircon geochronology
Keywords:Shevaroy Block, Geochemistry, Geothermobarometry, Crustal growth
A garnet-bearing mafic granulite sample examined is composed of porphyritic garnet with clinopyroxene, plagioclase, ilmenite, and quartz inclusions. These inclusions within the porphyroblastic garnet are regarded as relicts of the prograde mineral assemblage (clinopyroxene + plagioclase0 + ilmenite + quartz). While, the medium- to coarse-grained clinopyroxene + garnet1 + plagioclase1 + orthopyroxene1 + quartz present in the matrix represents the peak metamorphic mineral assemblage. Application of conventional geothermobarometers on the peak assemblages yielded metamorphic temperatures and pressures of 840-910°C and 10-11.5 kbar. Similar peak metamorphic conditions are reported from the adjacent crustal blocks as well as from adjacent suture zones. An early retrograde stage is marked by the orthopyroxene2 + plagioclase2 corona texture formed around the garnet1, as the result of a reaction: garnet1 + clinopyroxene1 + quartz → orthopyroxene2 + plagioclase2. Subsequently, these orthopyroxene2 and plagioclase2 underwent retrograde hydration to form cummingtonite and actinolite. The peak metamorphic minerals are also mostly overprinted by the late-stage actinolite along their grain boundaries.
All the studied mafic-ultramafic rocks from the SB are basaltic in the total alkali vs SiO2 diagram. In the primitive-mantle normalized trace elements diagram, all the mafic-ultramafic rocks show negative Nb, Ta, P, and Ti anomalies and relatively constant high field strength elements (e.g, Zr, Hf) except for the garnet-bearing mafic granulite. The metapyroxenites and amphibolites are also characterized by enrichment of large ion lithophile elements (LILE) (e.g., Ba, K) suggesting fractional crystallization. In the chondrite normalized REE diagram, metapyroxenites and amphibolites show enrichment of light rare earth elements (LREE) over heavy rare earth elements (HREE). However, the garnet-bearing mafic granulite display slightly depleted LREE pattern over HREE. These REE patterns and normalized trace element diagram displayed by the garnet-bearing mafic granulite suggest a MORB source for its origin, while an arc-related origin for metapyroxenites and amphibolites. Different tectonic discrimination diagrams suggest volcanic arc setting for all the mafic rocks from the Shevaroy Block. The garnet-bearing mafic granulite, metapyroxenite, and amphibolite might have formed from an underplated mantle-derived magma. The geochemistry of these rocks from the SB suggests that the SB was formed dominantly by the arc magmatism in a convergent margin setting. The zircons from amphibolite displayed oscillatory zoned cores with thin bright CL rims. The magmatic core yielded U-Pb age of ca. 2.50-2.58 Ga, while the metamorphic overgrowth rims yielded an age of ca. 2.46 Ga. These magmatic ages also confirmed the crustal growth related to arc magmatism in a convergent tectonic setting, while the overgrowth ages are related to the high-grade granulite-facies metamorphism. Hence, the Shevaroy Block provides one of the best examples for understanding the continental growth and tectono-thermal history of southern India.