[SMP38-P05] Crystal Preferred Orientation Development of Secondary Olivine Formed by Hydration of Orthopyroxene: Implication to Anisotropy of Shallow Mantle Wedge during Initiation Stage of Subduction
Keywords:Metamorphic reaction, Secondary olivine CPO, Topotactic growth, Khantaishir Ophiolite, Subduction zone
Metaharzburgite in the Naran massif is composed of primary olivine (P-Ol), S-Ol, antigorite, and Cr-Spinel. S-Ol mainly occurs as mm-scale aggregates. S-Ol aggregate is composed of 10-50 µm Mg-rich olivines, magnetite, and sub-parallel bands of antigorite (B-Atg). Our previous study revealed that these S-Ol+B-Atg formed by pseudomorphic replacement of Opx during hydration of mantle wedge although primary Opx was not preserved 4. P-Ol, S-Ol and B-Atg, and antigorite in matrix (M-Atg) show contrasting CPOs, respectively. P-Ol CPO shows the strong concentration of the b- and c-axes normal to the foliation and parallel to the lineation. It suggests plastic deformation by dislocation creep under relatively low stress and high-water condition. CPOs of M-Atg and P-Ol reveal clear crystallographic relationships between Atg and P-Ol: the concentrations of the a-, b- and c-axes of M-Atg are sub-parallel to the b-, c- and a-axes of P-Ol, respectively (topotactiv growth of M-Atg after P-Ol). In contrast to P-Ol, S-Ol aggregate does not show a strong CPO in an entire thin section, but the weak CPOs are developed in individual S-Ol aggregates. This indicates that the S-Ol CPO was developed not by deformation processes but was affected by the orientation of pre-exisiting Opx grains. The distribution of B-Atg in S-Ol aggregates could represent the cleavage of P-Opx, and the (001) plane of B-Atg is oriented sub-normal to the P-Opx cleavage. Assuming that Atg bands present the cleavage of P-Opx, the c- and b-axes of Atg are likely to be sub-parallel and normal to the Opx cleavages, respectively. These features suggest that high-T hydration of mantle wedge of the Naran massif proceeded without intense deformation and anisotropy development during initial stage of subduction zone development.
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