[SMP38-P19] Datolite in the high-pressure marble from the Eastern Iratsu body of the Sanbagawa metamorphic belt
Keywords:datolite, deep fluid, grossular, Sanbagawa metamorphic belt, borosilicate mineral
The formation conditions of the datolite-bearing bright part of the garnet were estimated using quartz-Raman barometry (Kouketsu et al., 2014a) and thermodynamic calculation. Quartz grains occurring in the bright part were carefully selected and measured by a Raman micro-spectrometer (RAMANtouch, NanoPhoton), yielding Δω1 values of ~5. Based on the mineral assemblage, the following temperature-dependent reactions were considered in the system of CASH-CO2 using Perple_X (Connolly, 2005). The lack of zoisite and wollastonite in the quartz pool indicates a temperature range of approximately 500-600 ºC under the assumption of XCO2 ~ 0.01:
zoisite + quartz + calcite = grossular + CO2 + H2O
calcite + quartz = wollastonite + CO2
Consequently, the formation conditions of the datolite-bearing bright part of the garnet were estimated as ~550 ºC and 1.1-1.3 GPa, which coincide with the peak temperature conditions of surrounding non-eclogite unit of the Besshi district (Kouketsu et al., 2014b).
In the Sanbagawa metamorphic belt, the most common phase of borosilicate is tourmaline that is formed both in prograde stage and retrograde stage. Datolite is reported only as vein-filling minerals that is considered to be retrograde origin in the Sanbagawa belt (Kato et al., 1957; Minagawa and Nishio, 2002). Both datolite and tourmaline can be stable under the pressure-temperature conditions of the Sanbagawa metamorphic belt including prograde through peak to most of retrograde stage. However, datolite is generally stable under the alkaline conditions (Yang and Rosenberg, 1995) where tourmaline is not (Morgan and London, 1989). The finding of datolite instead of tourmaline indicates the strong alkaline conditions during the formation of quartz pool. Model calculations of Galvez et al. (2015) indicated that the aqueous fluids equilibrated with a metapelite under the expected P-T conditions would be alkaline conditions if carbon is not incorporated in the model. According their calculation, the alkalinity of the fluid equilibrated with the rock would decrease during the exhumation. Therefore, tourmalines recognized in the retrograde stages of the Sanbagawa metamorphic belt becomes stable due to such decrease of alkalinity.
References: Connolly (2005) 10.1016/j.epsl.2005.04.033; Galvez et al. (2015) 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.06.019; Kato et al. (1957) 10.2465/ganko1941.41.198; Kouketsu et al. (2014a) 10.2138/am.2014.4427; Kouketsu et al. (2014b) 10.1111/iar.12075; Minagawa & Nishio (2002) Mem. Fac. Sci. Ehime Univ. 8, 11-17.; Morgan & London (1989) 10.1007/BF00373721; Takasu & Kohsaka (1987) 10.5575/geosoc.93.517; Yang and Rosenberg (1995) 10.2138/am-1995-5-616