[SSS03-03] Seismic ambient noise interferometry applied to dense OBS array of off Ibaraki region
Keywords:ambient noise interferometry, sedimental layer, S-velocity structure
To constrain the S-wave velocity of the shallower portion, we apply the ambient noise interferometry to the short-period OBS data in this study. After dividing the data into ten-minute segments, we deconvolve the data with instrumental response function, remove trends, and discard data dominated by seismic events. Then, we apply a one-bit normalization and spectrum whitening. Finally, we calculate cross-correlations for vertical-vertical, radial-radial, and transverse-transverse components to retrieve Green's functions.
We measure average phase velocity in the array using spatial auto-correlation method (Aki, 1957; Nishida et al., 2008). The phase velocities of the fundamental Rayleigh, the first-higher Rayleigh, and the fundamental Love modes are 0.5 to 2.5 km/s (in the frequency range of 0.1 to 0.3 Hz), 0.8 to 1.5 km/s (0.17 to 0.3 Hz), and 0.5 to 2.0 km/s (0.25 to 0.1 Hz), respectively. Next, we infer the 1-D average S-velocity isotropic structure by non-linear inversion, whose sensitivity is mainly ~5 km. The results show ~1000 m thick sediment with S-wave velocity of 300–1000 m/s immediately beneath the seafloor. At last, we apply band-pass filter with frequency range of 0.125 Hz and measure travel-time anomaly of the phase velocity in each frequency range, following Nagaoka et al. (2012). We apply non-linear inversion (Rawlinson & Sambridge, 2003) and find low-velocity anomalies in the deeper of the northern part and in the shallower of the center part.