[SSS09-P03] Estimation of focal mechanisms of large number of induced seismicity to understand fracture system in the geothermal reservoir
Keywords:Induced seismicity, Fracture system, Basel, Switzerland, Focal mechanism
We have applied this method to 47 microseismicity events with relatively larger magnitude during the hydraulic stimulation in Basel, Switzerland. In this study, we apply our method to more than 2,000 smaller magnitude events of which the orientations of fault are unknown. By estimating more fault orientation, we can understand the entire fracture system of the reservoir.
All the events are divided into 101 groups based on waveform similarity, and assume all group member occur from one single fracture. we choose one group (group 4) based on good linear shape, relatively larger magnitude of members, large number of events and occurrence time during the injection period. We estimate the fault orientation by principal component analysis (PCA) of hypocenter distribution of 54 events from group 4, and then regard this fault orientation as reference. Meanwhile, we also use the first P-wave arrivals polarities and in situ stress information to constrain the focal mechanism together. Then, we will compare the two estimates of fault orientation by PCA and our method, and discuss the validity of our method for smaller events. Then, we will apply our method and constrain the focal mechanisms of other groups. Consequently, we will estimate the focal mechanism of more than 2,000 events from Basel, Switzerland using this method. Our work will enhance the validity of our method further and also contribute to better understanding the fracture system in the reservoir in Basel, Switzerland.