[SSS12-06] Effects of heterogeneous structures on source parameter estimations of small offshore earthquakes and shallow low frequency tremors
Keywords:Nankai Trough, Ocean bottom seismometer, High frequency seismic wave, 3D heterogeneous structure, Ground motion simulation
We synthesized velocity seismograms at DONET ocean bottom seismometers via numerical simulation code of OpenSWPC (Maeda et al., 2017) using the realistic velocity structure model. The simulation model covered the region southeast off the Kii Peninsula, which was discretized by a uniform grid of 0.015 km. The 3D model below bedrock depths was the JIVSM (Koketsu et al. 2012). The 3D model of the accretionary prism was constructed by interpolating and extrapolating 1D local S-wave velocity structures beneath DONET stations estimated by Tonegawa et al. (2017). The source model of shallow low-frequency tremor (LFT) was a double-couple component of the shallow very low-frequency earthquake (Takemura et al., 2019) with a 0.2-s triangle function. According to the minimum S-wave velocity (0.5 km/s) and grid interval, our simulation can evaluate seismic wave propagation for frequencies less than 5 Hz.
Simulated RMS envelopes for frequencies of 1-5 Hz at stations with epicentral distances greater than approximately 10 km show long-duration (> 10 s) S waves. This elongation is mainly caused by the low-velocity accretionary prism, where seismic energy is effectively trapped. The duration of S waves increased with increasing distance. The half duration of RMS envelopes is generally considered as event duration for small events (e.g., Yabe et al., 2019). Thus, if half durations of envelopes were used in duration estimation for shallow LFTs, results would be overestimated. To achieve precise source parameter estimations, the method incorporating effects of 3D heterogeneities or sophisticated station selection should be required.
Acknowledgments We used NIED F-net and DONET seismograms (https://doi.org/10.17598/NIED.0005, https://doi.org/10.17598/NIED.0008). Numerical simulations were conducted on the Earth Simulator of the JAMSTEC. This study was supported by JSPS KAKENHI #19H04626.