[SSS13-03] Difference of foreshock characteristics between real data and synthetic space-time ETAS catalogs:
Through the application of an earthquake forecasting method by supposing swarm-like activity to be possible foreshocks
Keywords:Earthquake forecast model, Foreshocks, Space-time ETAS model, Izu islands
We investigated the reproducibility of real data by ETAS model as follows.
1. We estimated 8 parameters of stationary space-time ETAS model [Ogata & Zhuang, 2006, Tectonophys] by applying R package ‘ETAS’ [Jalilian, 2019, https://github.com/jalilian/ETAS] to real data in Izu islands.
2. We produced 1000 synthetic earthquake catalogs (hereafter ETAS catalogs) based on ETAS parameters obtained in step 1 and frequency-magnitude distribution of real data.
3. We investigated the efficiency of the forecast by applying an earthquake forecasting method by supposing swarm-like activity to be possible foreshocks (hereafter Maeda’s method) [Maeda, 1996, BSSA] to both real data and ETAS catalogs.
4. We compared time series of stacking cumulative numbers before mainshocks for both real data and ETAS catalogs.
Our investigation resulted in that real data yielded higher scores than ETAS catalogs when Maeda’s method was applied to those. Also, temporal acceleration of foreshocks of real data was larger than that of ETAS catalogs. In other words, it is hard for ETAS model to reproduce foreshock characteristics, indicating the earthquake forecast model based on foreshock characteristics is more efficient rather than ETAS model.