[SSS16-05] The subsurface structure of the Median Tectonic Line, western Shikoku, Japan, based on a gravity survey
Keywords:Median Tectonic Line, Bouguer anomaly, active fault
The gravity survey was conducted along a N-S trending line, ca. 9.5 km long, across the material boundary and active fault MTLs with Scintrex CG-5 gravimeter. The locations of observation sites were surveyed with RTK-GPS instruments. Each interval between observation sites is ca. 200 m. Acquired gravity data was processed to obtain Bouguer anomaly mostly according to the methodology of Geological Survey of Japan, AIST (2004). We assumed that the density for Bouguer and terrain corrections were 2.5 g/cm^3 according to Ito et al. (1996), which has estimated the subsurface geological structure of MTL in eastern Shikoku. Along the survey line, Sambagawa metamorphic rocks, the material boundary MTL, the Izumi Group, one of the active fault MTL (Okamura fault), Plio-Pleistocene Okamura formation, other of the active fault MTL (Komatsu fault), and coastal sediments distribute form the south to the north,
Obtained Bouguer anomaly shows lower value at the northern margin of the line, and higher value around the southern margin, where Sambagawa metamorphic rocks distribute. The difference between these values is about 19 mgal. We assume five layers in our model, which have densities of 2.55 g/cm^3 (layer 1), 2.73 g/cm^3 (layer 2), 2.60 g/cm^3 (layer 3), 2.55 g/cm^3 (layer 4) and 2.20g/cm^3 (layer 5). They can be correlated with Shimanto belt, Sambagawa belt, Rhoke Belt, Izumi Group and Okamura Formation, respectively.
The model shows the trace of the material boundary MTL, dipping ca. 30 degree west, and also strongly suggest Okamura fault dips to the north with a shallow to intermediate angle. This may mean that Okamura fault converges with the material boundary MTL in the underground.
Geological Survey of Japan, AIST, 2004, Gravity CD-ROM of Japan.
Ito et al. (1996) J. Geol. Soc., 102, 346-360.