[SVC45-05] A rock magnetic study of Aso volcanic ashes to assess the eruption processes
Keywords:Aso Nakadake, Rock magnetism
The volcanic ashes are collected from several points of different distances and directions from the Nakadake 1st crater. This paper focuses on two sampling points, Kako-fuchi(KAF) and Sakanashi (SAK) whose distances and directions from the crater are about 250m WSW and 7000m NE, respectively. Continuous eruption of the Nakadake from April 2019 to the present allows us collecting the volcanic ashes in chronological order. We examined the samples collected from KAF and SAK in arbitrary frequency after August 2019. In addition, a volcanic ash of strombolian eruption accumulated on 26th November 2014, at 450m SSW from Nakadake first crater is also studied.
The results of thermo-magnetic analyses show that the ashes have three characteristic Curie temperature (Tc). All samples have a component of Tc = 250-270°C. This Tc range is characteristic of nonstoichiometric titanomagnetite (x=0.47 to 0.49). Ti substitution (x) is calculated using the best fit equation: Tc=575-552.7x-213.3x2 (Hunt et al., 1995) with measured Tc. Some samples have multiple Tc, in addition to the above, low temperature (Tc=around 170°C) and/or high temperature (Tc=around 490°C) components. As the low Tc component corresponds to iron-oxyhydroxides, these ashes involve some goethite (αFeOOH) and/or lepidocrocite (γFeOOH). Meanwhile, as the high Tc component is Ti poor titanomagnetite (x=0.15), the high-temperature oxidation occurred at more than 490°C to the samples. The 2014 ash sample also have three different Tc (around 170, 250, 490°C), although a proportion of high Tc component (x=0.15) is higher than the present volcanic ashes.
These results suggest that the high Tc magnetic minerals occur more when the eruptive activity progresses from incipient eruption. Interestingly, the high and/or low Tc signals at SAK are significant only before observation of gas plume glowing in the crater, although the signals cannot be confirmed at closer KAF site. The fine grain size of magnetic minerals are considered to acquire a high-stability magnetization under the high-temperature oxidation, therefore, the high Tc signal seems to appear earlier on a farther site with wind effect. The difference of oxidation states by grain size may carry the information of different places of the conduit.