[SVC45-38] Eruptive activities of Kuchierabujima volcano after 2018 ~part 2~
Keywords:Volcanic activity, eruption
After the eruption in February 2019, all observation data showed a tendency to decrease activity. However, in the GNSS observation, the distance between the observation points across Shindake changed from shrinking to stagnation around September, and SO2 emission rates, which had fallen to about 100 ton/day, gradually increased from around October. Although the seismic activity did not clearly increase, the epicenter of the observed volcanic earthquake began to shift slightly southward (near Furudake) from around October. In January 2020, SO2 emission rates exceeded 1,000 ton/day, and on January 11, an eruption occurred with an eruption column exceeding 3000 m above sea level. On February 3, an eruption with an eruption column over 6000 m above sea level and a pyroclastic flow occurred, and the volcanic activity became more active. After this eruption, almost at the same time as the seismic activity increased, SO2 emission rates temporarily decreased. This phenomenon often occurred before the medium-scale eruption, but this time Kuchierabu-jima did not erupt. But, volcanic tremors occurred on February 11 with a tilt change suggesting that the shallow part of the crater would expand. At Kuchinoerabu-jima volcano, it is the first time that a change suggesting expansion has been observed with a tiltmeter, so we are now more cautious about changes in volcanic activity.