JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Oral

U (Union ) » Union

[U-04] International Efforts Supporting Global Navigation Satellite System-Enhanced Tsunami Early Warning

convener:Rundle John B(University of California Davis), Kazuyoshi Nanjo(University of Shizuoka), Eiichi Fukuyama(Kyoto University / National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience), Chairperson:Kazuyoshi Nanjo(University of Shizuoka), Chairperson:John B Rundle(University of California Davis), Chairperson:Eiichi Fukuyama(Kyoto University / National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience)

[U04-05] GNSS Total Electronics Contents tsunami measurements and tsunami height inversions.

*Philippe Henri Lognonné1, Lucie Rolland2, Giovanni Occhinpinti1, Elvira Astafeyva1, Mala Bagiya3, Khaled Khelfi4, Virgile Rakoto4 (1.Université de Paris, Institut de physique du globe de Paris, CNRS, 2.Laboratoire Géoazur - Université de Nice Côte d'Azur Bureau 208 - Bâtiment 4 250 rue Albert Einstein 06560 Valbonne - France, 3.Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, Sector 18, Near Kalamboli Highway New Panvel(W), Navi Mumbai, 410218 India , 4.formerly at Université de Paris, Institut de physique du globe de Paris, CNRS)

Keywords:tsunami, ionosphere, TEC

GNSS Total Electronic Content (TEC) measurements provide an additional coverage of GNSS ground motion measurements to estimate the tsunami risk and tsunami amplitude off-shore. Geometrically, the ionospheric TEC measurements (sounding the ionosphere at 300 km of altitude along the station-satelite ray-path, so called ionospheric piercing points) extents the monitoring zone up to two thousands of km from the physical location of the GNSS ground stations enabling therefore remote measurements offshore. In addition, theories and modeling of the ionospheric signals have now reached a maturity to allow estimation of oceanic displacement produced by the tsunami, with errors of about 10%. Those results include moderate tsunamis with less than 5 cm of oceanic displacement. GNSS TEC measurements are therefore complementing nicely land-surface, sea-surface and sea-floor seismic, geodetic and pressure networks. Additionally, to extend the coverage, GNSS stations can be easily installed on airbornes, vessels or buoys as dual frequency ionospheric sounding are not sensitive to the displacement of the GNSS receiver .

We review first the state of the art of observations, for both ground based GNSS networks and space GNSS occultations (e.g., COSMIC), as well as the efficiency in the to reproduce the tsunami sisgnature in the ionosphere. Numerical modeling are shown with various technics, such as tsunami normal modes summation or spectral elements methods, compared to data and then used to estimate the sea-level height waveform, with excellent waveform matching compared to those recorded by DARTs.

We present observations and modeling close to the epicenter –where the ionospheric TEC perturbation is visible at 7 minutes after the rupture- in order to estimate the tsunami risk; as well as in the far-fiel, off-shore, where we show that the TEC measurement can strongly support the tsunami high estimation during oceanic propagation. We discuss also the impact of the ionospheric dynamics in the signal to noise ratio. We finally conclude by the perspectives offered by TEC measurements in the improvements of oceanic monitoring and tsunami warning systems.