[U14-03] JAXAʼs Strategic Mars Exploration Program (JSMEP) for Understanding Origin, Evolution, Inventory of Water on Mars
Keywords:Mars, JSMEP, water
According to the international trend for Mars exploration and potential significance for understanding the current and past surface/subsurface aqueous environments, JAXA plans a strategic Mars exploration program (JSMEP). JSMEP starts with a Martian moon’s sample return mission (MMX: Martian Moons Exploration) in 2024-2029, followed by a Mars orbiter (MO) in later 2020s and a Mars lander/rover (ML/R) mission in early 2030s. JSMEP’s goals are 1) to address questions of water on Mars [origin and delivery (MMX), distribution and inventory (MO), and chemical evolution (ML/R)], 2) to ensure expansion of the areas of human activities by exploring habitable subsurface world, and 3) to acquires key technologies including EDL (entry-descent-landing) with aerodynamic control, drilling and sampling on the surface, deep space telecommunication, transportation to/from the Mars orbit, and planetary protection.