Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2023

Presentation information

[E] Oral

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-EM Earth's Electromagnetism

[S-EM14] Electric, magnetic and electromagnetic survey technologies and scientific achievements

Wed. May 24, 2023 9:00 AM - 10:15 AM 106 (International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Kiyoshi Baba(Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Tada-nori Goto(Graduate School of Science, University of Hyogo), Yuguo Li(Ocean University of China), Wiebke Heise(GNS Science, PO Box 30368, Lower Hutt, New Zealand), Chairperson:Wiebke Heise(GNS Science, PO Box 30368, Lower Hutt, New Zealand), Maki Hata(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University)

9:30 AM - 9:45 AM

[SEM14-13] 3-D resistivity structure of the southern part of NE Japan

*Dieno Diba1, Makoto Uyeshima1, Masahiro Ichiki2, Shin'ya Sakanaka3, Makoto Tamura4, Yiren Yuan1,5, Marceau Gresse1,6, Yusuke Yamaya6, Yoshiya Usui1 (1.Earthquake Research Insititute, the University of Tokyo, 2.Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 3.Graduate School of International Resource Sciences, Akita University, 4.Research Institute of Energy, Environment and Geology, Hokkaido Research Organization, 5.Institute of Geophysics, China Earthquake Administration, 6.National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology)

Keywords:NE Japan subduction zone, Magnetotelluric method, Subsurface fluid distribution

The southern part of NE Japan is full of in-land activities due to the subduction system. There are quaternary volcanoes on the backbone range and the back-arc side, active deformation regions, and shallow to deep seismic activities. Such activities in the subduction zone are generally viewed to be caused by fluids in the crust and upper mantle that originated from the subducting slab (e.g., Iwamori, 1998; Wallace, 2005). Therefore, this study aimed to reveal the electrical resistivity structure beneath the area because bulk resistivity is sensitive to the composition and connectivity of fluids. We performed a wide-band MT study by deploying electromagnetic field recording stations on three parallel NW-SE profile lines across the island arc. Each line consists of about 15 stations with nearly 10 km intervals. The time-series data has been processed into frequency domain response functions using the BIRRP code (Chave and Thomson, 2004) with periods ranging from 0.03 to 13,000 seconds. We estimated the MT impedance, vertical magnetic field transfer function (VMTF), and inter-station horizontal magnetic field transfer function (HMTF). We used HMTF because a theoretical study by Campanyà et al. (2016) showed that it could provide additional constraints on 3-D resistivity structure. Previously, we interpreted the data two-dimensionally for each profile line. But as 3-D effects are observed at some stations, such as out of quadrant phase, we proceeded to the 3-D interpretation for a more reliable resistivity structure. FEMTIC inversion code (Usui, 2015; Usui et al., 2017) was used because it can jointly invert the three response functions. In the presentation, we discuss the resulting resistivity structure and its correlation with active volcanoes and earthquakes. Also, we compare the result with the 2-D interpretation.