H (Human Geosciences) » H-CG Complex & General
[H-CG36] [JJ] Coastal wetlands: geomorphologic, biologic and anthropogenic processes
Sat. May 20, 2017 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)
Coastal wetlands are very fragile environment against external environmental changes such as sea-level rise and anthropogenic impacts. On the other hand, coastal wetlands have a significant role as a place for carbon sequestration in the belowground as well as the aboveground. This session will discuss the geomorphologic, biologic and anthropogenic processes on the coastal wetlands in the various climate zones during the Holocene. For example, coastal wetlands in the tropics have evolved with the development of wetland forests such as mangrove forest, peat swamp forest and fresh water swamp forest. The most significant process for habitat formation and maintenance of the former two forests are peat production and decomposition, which are also significant processes on the coastal lowlands in the temperate and subarctic zones, though the mechanism of the processes might be different. Geomorphological processes such as sedimentation and erosion by fluvial and marine processes are also important for all of coastal wetlands. However, the environment of coastal wetlands has been destroyed by various human activities such as deforestation, agriculture land development, peat mining, and shrimp firming in and around mangrove forests in recent years. We would like to invite the wide discipline of research papers on not only the natural processes but also the anthropogenic processes in order to offer the scientific basis for creating sustainable management systems on the coastal wetlands in the future.
*Kiyoshi Fujimoto1, Kenji Ono2, Shin Watanabe3, Shingo Taniguchi4, Saimon Lihpai5 (1.Faculty of Policy Studies, Nanzan University, 2.Tohoku Research Center, Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, 3.Tropical Biosphere Research Center, University of the Ryukyus, 4.Faculty of Agriculture, University of the Ryukyus, 5.Pohnpei State Government, FSM)
*Kenji ONO1, Kiyoshi Fujimoto2, Ryuichi TABUCHI1, Shingo TANIGUCHI3, Shin WATANABE3, Saimon LIHPAI4 (1.Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, 2.Nanzan University, 3.Ryukyu University, 4.Pohnpei State Government)
*Makoto Noguchi1, Toshiyuki Fujiki1, Mitsuru Okuno2, Lyn Guiltieri3, Burenn Sarata4, Masayuki Torii5, Keiji Wada6, Toshio Nakamura7, Dixie West8 (1.Okayama Univ. Science, 2.Fukuoka Univ., 3.Seattle Univ., 4.Fugro NV, The Netherlands, 5.Kumamoto Univ., 6.Hokkaido Univ. Education, 7.Nagoya Univ., 8.Kansas Univ.)