M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection
[M-IS02] [EE] Dynamics of eruption cloud and cumulonimbus; modelling and remote sensing
Wed. May 24, 2017 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)
convener:Eiichi Sato(Meteorological Research Institute), Yujiro Suzuki(Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Fukashi Maeno(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Takeshi Maesaka(National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention)
The volcanic eruption clouds (eruption column, pyroclastic flow, and umbrella cloud) and cumulonimbus are similar phenomena in the atmosphere; they behave as a buoyant plume or gravity current whose driving force is buoyancy. The spreading of eruption clouds leads to the fallout of volcanic pyroclasts, whereas the cumulonimbus results in the precipitation. In general, the observed data of eruption clouds reflect the source conditions at the vent, and those of cumulonimbus reflect the environmental conditions. The models that can precisely reproduce the physical processes in such phenomena and the accurate observations have been required. In this session, we will discuss the modelling and observations of eruption clouds and cumulonimbus from the viewpoint of meteorology, volocanology, and remote sensing. The approaches from laboratory experiments and material sciences are also welcomed.
*Keiichi Fukui1, Eiichi Sato1, Yuta Hayashi2,1, Kohei Matsuda3, Kensuke Ishii1, Toshiki Shimbori1, Tetsuo Tokumoto1 (1.Meteorological Research Institute/JMA, 2.Meteorological Satellite Center/JMA, 3.Japan Meterological Agency)
*Fukashi Maeno1, Setsuya Nakada1, Mitsuhiro Yoshimoto2, Taketo Shimano3, Natsumi Hokanishi1, Akhmad Zaennudin4, Masato Iguchi5 (1.Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 2.Mount Fuji Research Institute, Yamanashi Prefectural Government, 3.Graduate School of Environmental and Disaster Research, Tokoha University, 4.Centre for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation, Bandung, Indonesia, 5.Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University)
*Yasuhiro Ishimine1 (1.Department of Health Crisis Management, National Institute of Public Health)