Mon. May 22, 2017 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM
A03 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)
convener:Takeshi Hanyu(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Department of Solid Earth Geochemistry), David R Hilton(University of California San Diego), Hirochika Sumino(Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo), Yuji Sano(Division of Ocean and Earth Systems, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Yuji Sano(Division of Ocean and Earth Systems, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Hirochika Sumino(Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo)
Volatiles play an important role in the dynamical and chemical evolution in the solid Earth. Rheological behavior of mantle rocks and mineral stabilities drastically change by the presence of volatiles. Chemical differentiation caused by partial melting and fluid transport is enhanced by volatiles. The hydrosphere has been maintained from the early Earth by balancing degassing from and regassing to the solid Earth. However, fundamental questions still remain, such as, amount and origin of volatiles in the mantle and crust, transport mechanisms of volatiles from Earth's surface to the solid interior, condition under which volatiles are stabilized in minerals from low to high pressure, influence of volatiles on physical properties of rocks and minerals, and volatile fluxes from the solid Earth to the surface through magmatism. Because these problems are tightly related with each other, we aim to have a discussion by integrating contributions from various fields such as geochemical measurements, geophysical observations, high pressure and temperature experiments, theoretical and modeling studies, all of which shed light on the cycles of volatiles, such as hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, noble gases, halogens, and sulfur.