S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics
[S-IT30] [EE] Characterizing/contrasting seismic discontinuities in the oceanic and continental lithosphere
Mon. May 22, 2017 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)
The lithospheric seismic structure is crucial to understandings of the creation, modification and destruction of the plates. Oceanic lithosphere is typically thought to be the outcome of melting of undepleted mantle and subsequent cooling, whereas continental lithosphere, especially beneath the cratons, is often considered as the result of plume melting, stacking oceanic lithospheres or/and arc collision. However, later episodes of hydration, small-scale convective instability or/and and metasomatism, among other possibilities, potentially facilitate the modification and disruption of oceanic and continental lithosphere.
Seismic discontinuities of variable sharpness, strength and polarity of their amplitudes are now frequently observed at many regions and defy predictions from a simple thermal boundary. More sophisticated modeling efforts suggest that some of these seismic discontinuities may be consequences of fine anisotropic layerings.
The session focuses on characterizing seismic structures of lithosphere and their implications on the formation and evolution of the oceanic and cratonic lithosphere. We welcome abstracts that focus on new seismic observations with diverse dataset, improvement of the robustness of seismic processing/modeling, and welcome cross-disciplinary efforts that link seismic observations, deformation experiments, geodynamic modeling and geological/petrofabric data.
*Weijia Sun1, Brian L N Kennett2 (1.Key Laboratory of Earth and Planetary Physics, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2.Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University)
*Kengo Ikedo1, Kazunori Yoshizawa2, Kiwamu Nishida3 (1.Seismology Laboratory, Earth and Planetary Dynamics, Natural History Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, 2.Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, 3.Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)
*Mingming Jiang1,2, Ling Chen1,2, Yaoyang Zhang1,3, Yinshuang Ai1,2 (1.Key Laboratory of Earth and Planetary Physics, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100029, China, 2.CAS Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences, Beijing 100101, China, 3.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Bejing, 100049, China)
*Xuzhang Shen1, Xiuping Mei1, Mian Liu2, Xiaohui Yuan3, Rainer Kind3 (1.Lanzhou Insititute of Seismology, China Earthquake Administration, 2.Department of Geological Sciences, University of Missouri, 3.Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum)
*Yangfan Deng1,2, Jiangtao Li2, Xiaodong Song2,3, Xinlei Sun1, YuSong Shen4 (1.GIG Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2.Department of Geology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 3.School of Geodesy and Geomatics, Wuhan University, 4.Earthquake Administration of Guangdong Province)
*Guohui Li1,2, Ling Bai1, Yuanze Zhou2, Xiaoran Wang3, Huihui Cui2, Xiaoya Zhou2 (1.Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2.College of Earth Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 3.Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences)