2:45 PM - 3:00 PM
[AAS02-05] Evaluation of simulated ice clouds using joint CALIPSO and CloudSat satellite observations
Keywords:Cloud Microphysics, Ice Clouds, Climate Modeling
This study first evaluated global ice clouds and then focused on ice clouds over major mountain regions (e.g., the Andes). We used a global non-hydrostatic atmospheric model NICAM [Tomita and Satoh, 2005; Satoh et al., 2008; 2014] with a double-moment bulk cloud microphysics scheme [Seiki and Nakajima, 2014; Seiki et al., 2014; 2015] for global simulations. The simulated results were processed by the Joint Simulator for Satellite Sensors package [Hashino et al., 2013; Satoh et al., 2016]. This simulator provided us with consistent radiative signals with those observed by space-borne optical sensors. We performed sensitivity experiments by changing cloud microphysics and model resolutions to optimize uncertain ice cloud microphysics.
We found that cloud optical depth from the cloud top was a good measure to evaluate vertical profile of cloud microphysical properties instead of using altitude as a vertical coordinate. In particular, vertical profiles of cloud microphysical properties in the altitude-coordinate were found to be affected by change in cloud dynamics rather than cloud microphysics. Using this analysis method, we suggested that improvement in cloud microphysics had more impact on reproducing observed vertical profiles of cloud microphysical properties when the model horizontal resolution was finer than 14 km.