JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS03] [EE] International Field Campaign - Years of the Maritime Continent (YMC)

Sun. May 21, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 301A (International Conference Hall 3F)

convener:Kunio Yoneyama(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology / Department of Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere-Land Processes Research), Chidong Zhang(NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory), Tetsuya Takemi(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University), Chairperson:Tetsuya Takemi(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University)

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

[AAS03-11] Tropo-Stratospheric Wave Activity near Western Maritime-Continent Coast during MJO Landing and QBO Modification

*Manabu D. Yamanaka1, Shin-Ya Ogino2, Peiming Wu2, Jun-Ichi Hamada3, Satoru Yokoi2, Ayako Seiki2, Hugo Bellenger2, Tomoshige Inoue3, Shuichi Mori2, Biao Geng4, Qoosaku Moteki2, Masaki Katsumata4, Kunio Yoneyama2, Reni Sulistyowati5, Sopia Lestari5, Fadli Syamsudin5 (1.Department of Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere-Land Processes Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology; Professor Emeritus, Kobe University, 2.Department of Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere-Land Processes Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 3.Department of Geography, Tokyo Metropolitan University, 4.Research and Development Center for Global Change, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 5.Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology )

Keywords:Indonesian maritime continent, tropo-stratosphere, atmospheric gravity-wave class , convective clouds

"Pre-Years of the Maritime Continent" 3-hourly radiosonde and weather radar observations were carried out both at and off Bengkulu in the southwestern coast of Sumatera in November-December 2015. The station on the sea side was the R/V Mirai staying at a 50 km distance from the coastline. Frequency and vertical wavenumber spectra of radiosonde wind and temperature showed generally-known red noise-like features. There were four types of disturbances categorized as the gravity-wave class: (i) lower-tropospheric sea-land breeze circulations (land- and sea-ward propagating cells composed of up- and down-ward waves); (ii) taller circulations with middle/upper-tropospheric nodes; (iii) few-day-period tropopausal Kelvin waves (only in zonal wind and temperature); and (iv) thinner lower-stratospheric inertio-gravity waves (with elliptic polarizations of horizontal winds). When an MJO landed around December 13, radar-observed diurnal-cycle rainfall associated with (i) was modified, and amplifications of (iii) and (iv) produced a strong vertical shear between the upper-tropopsheric easterly and the whole lower-to -middle stratospheric westerly. The middle-stratospheric zonal wind remains westerly since early 2015 even now (January 2017) with a modification of QBO. Subsequent observations might be discussed, upon the budgetary situation in after Japanese FY2017.