JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS05] [EE] Contributions of local and long-range transport to air pollutants in mega-cities

Thu. May 25, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 301A (International Conference Hall 3F)

convener:Hongliang Zhang(Louisiana State University), Jianlin Hu(NUIST Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology), Sri Harsha Kota(Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati), Jia Xing(Tsinghua University), Chairperson:Jianlin Hu(NUIST Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology), Chairperson:Jia Xing(Tsinghua University)

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

[AAS05-10] Triple oxygen isotopes indicate that urbanization causes differences in the sources of nitrate between dry and wet atmospheric deposition

*David M Nelson1, Urumu Tsunogai2, Takuya Ohyama2, Daisuke Komatsu2, Fumiko Nakagawa2, Izumi Noguchi3, Takashi Yamaguchi3 (1.University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Appalachian Laboratory, 2.Nagoya University, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, 3.Hokkaido Research Organization, Department of Environmental and Geological Research, Institute of Environmental Sciences)

Keywords:nitrate, isotopes, atmospheric deposition, Hokkaido, urban, rural

The production of nitrogen oxides by human activities and to lesser extent natural processes significantly influences the chemical composition and reactivity of the troposphere, nitrogen deposition, and ultimately human and environmental health. However, significant uncertainties remain concerning (1) the relative important of the photochemical pathways that transform NOx to HNO3 and (2) the relative contributions of local vs. long-distance NOx emissions to dry vs. wet deposition in various environmental settings. To address these uncertainties we determined the Δ17O values of wet and dry deposited HNO3 in 2009 at two sites along the western coast of northern Japan, downwind of the East Asian continent where NOx emissions have increased approximately four-fold during the past forty years. At a remote site, nitrate Δ17O values in wet and dry deposition showed similar seasonal variation, ranging between ~23 and 30‰. These results suggesting that both forms of deposition experienced similar photochemical reactions during their formation, with O3 as the dominant oxidant in winter and a combination of O3 and OH in summer. In contrast, at an urban site, nitrate Δ17O values in wet deposition were larger (range of 24-31‰) than those in dry deposition (range of 19-25‰), particularly during the winter. These results suggest an important role of an alternative photochemical pathway for the formation of dry deposition in urban environments: oxidation of NO by peroxy radicals that originate from reactive hydrocarbons. Wet deposition at the urban site likely originates from long-distance transport, whereas most dry deposition likely originates from local NOx emissions. These results illustrate the value of stable isotope tracers for assessing the sources, transport distances, and sinks of dry and wet atmospheric deposition.