JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS06] [EE] Advances in Tropical Cyclone Research: Past, Present, and Future

Sat. May 20, 2017 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 301B (International Conference Hall 3F)

convener:Masuo Nakano(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Akiyoshi Wada(Typhoon Research Department Meteorological Research Institute), Sachie Kanada(Nagoya University), Kosuke Ito(University of the Ryukyus), Chairperson:Kosuke Ito(University of Ryukyus), Chairperson:Sachie Kanada(Nagoya University)

9:15 AM - 9:30 AM

[AAS06-02] Atmosphere-Ocean Coupling Effect on Typhoon Megi (2010)

*Sachie Kanada1, Satoki Tsujino1, Hidenori AIKI1,2, Mayumi K. Yoshioka1, Yasumasa Miyazawa2, Kazuhisa Tsuboki1, Takayabu Izuru3 (1.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, 2.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 3.Meteorological Research Institute/Japan Meteorological Agency)

Keywords:Typhoon, Atmosphere-Ocean Coupling Model

Typhoon Megi (2010) was one of the most intense tropical cyclones and the only typhoon that attained the minimum central pressure below 890 hPa in the decades after 1984. To investigate the ocean response to Typhoon Megi and the impact of sea surface temperature (SST) on Typhoon Megi, we used a high-resolution coupled atmosphere–ocean regional model, in which the atmospheric model is CReSS (Cloud Resolving Storm Simulator; Tsuboki and Sakakibara 2002) and the ocean model is NHOES (Non-Hydrostatic Ocean model for the Earth Simulator; Aiki et al. 2006, 2011), and the coupled model is referred to as CReSS–NHOES (Aiki et al. 2015). Three sensitivity experiments were conducted: two experiments using CReSS (hereafter FO and 1dO) and one experiment using CReSS-NHOES (hereafter 3dO). A time-fixed SST was used in the FO experiment. A simple vertical diffusion model for the ocean upper layer temperature (the so-called 1D-slab ocean model) was used in the 1dO experiment. The full three-dimensional structure of ocean was simulated in the 3dO experiment. The computational domain is 5oN –25.5oN and 109oE –150oE (Figure 1). The domain consists of 2048x1024 grid points, and the horizontal grid size of all models is 0.02o longitude by 0.02o latitude. All experiments started at 0000 UTC 14 October 2010. The integration time was 9 days.
Typhoon Megi was formed in 14 October and traveled westward in relatively large translation speed faster than 5 m s–1 as intensifying gradually (Figure 1a). Around 0000 UTC 17 October 2010, the storm started to intensify rapidly (hereafter, RI) and attained the minimum central pressure of 885 hPa at 1800 UTC 17 October 2010. Although all experiments represent the relatively accurate tracks over the Philippine Sea, the intensity of simulated storm differs significantly among the experiments; the minimum central pressure of the storms are 839, 901, and 892 hPa in the FO, 1dO and 3dO experiments, respectively (Figure 1b). Only the 3dO experiment represents reasonably the evolution and maximum intensity of Typhoon Megi. The simulated results reveal clear differences in the SST-cooling patterns in the vicinity of Typhoon Megi between the 1dO and 3dO experiments. In addition, the impacts of ocean responses to the storm are the most evident during the RI phase. Detailed analysis of the storm inner-core, defined by the region within a radius of 100 km, indicates that the convective activity around the storm center and onset of the RI phase could be modulated by the radial profiles of SST beneath the storm center.
Acknowledgments. This study was supported by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan under the framework of the Sousei Program and by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, JSPS KAKENHI grant number 26400466.
Figure caption.
Figure 1. Six-hourly tracks (a) and central pressure (b) of Typhoon Megi from RSMC best-track dataset (black) and in the FO (green), 1dO (blue) and 3dO (red) simulations between 0000 UTC 14 October 2010 to 0000 UTC 23 October 2010. Large circles in (a) indicate the locations at 0000 UTC.