9:15 AM - 9:30 AM
[AAS06-02] Atmosphere-Ocean Coupling Effect on Typhoon Megi (2010)
Keywords:Typhoon, Atmosphere-Ocean Coupling Model
Typhoon Megi was formed in 14 October and traveled westward in relatively large translation speed faster than 5 m s–1 as intensifying gradually (Figure 1a). Around 0000 UTC 17 October 2010, the storm started to intensify rapidly (hereafter, RI) and attained the minimum central pressure of 885 hPa at 1800 UTC 17 October 2010. Although all experiments represent the relatively accurate tracks over the Philippine Sea, the intensity of simulated storm differs significantly among the experiments; the minimum central pressure of the storms are 839, 901, and 892 hPa in the FO, 1dO and 3dO experiments, respectively (Figure 1b). Only the 3dO experiment represents reasonably the evolution and maximum intensity of Typhoon Megi. The simulated results reveal clear differences in the SST-cooling patterns in the vicinity of Typhoon Megi between the 1dO and 3dO experiments. In addition, the impacts of ocean responses to the storm are the most evident during the RI phase. Detailed analysis of the storm inner-core, defined by the region within a radius of 100 km, indicates that the convective activity around the storm center and onset of the RI phase could be modulated by the radial profiles of SST beneath the storm center.
Acknowledgments. This study was supported by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan under the framework of the Sousei Program and by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, JSPS KAKENHI grant number 26400466.
Figure 1. Six-hourly tracks (a) and central pressure (b) of Typhoon Megi from RSMC best-track dataset (black) and in the FO (green), 1dO (blue) and 3dO (red) simulations between 0000 UTC 14 October 2010 to 0000 UTC 23 October 2010. Large circles in (a) indicate the locations at 0000 UTC.