JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS09] [EE] Stratosphere - Troposphere Interaction

Wed. May 24, 2017 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A03 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Nawo Eguchi(Kyushu University), Rei Ueyama(NASA Ames Research Center), Sean M Davis(NOAA Boulder), Seok Woo Son(Seoul National University), Chairperson:Masatomo Fujiwara(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Chairperson:Sean Davis(NOAA Boulder), Chairperson:Nawo Eguchi(Kyushu University)

9:30 AM - 9:45 AM

[AAS09-09] Defining stratospheric sudden warming in climate models: Accounting for biases in model climatology

*Seok Woo Son1, Junsu Kim2, Edwin Gerber3, Hyo-Seok Park4 (1.Seoul National University, Korea, 2.Korea Meteorological Administration, Korea, 3.New York University, USA, 4.Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Korea)

Keywords:Stratospheric Sudden Warming, CMIP5 models

A sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) is often defined as zonal-mean zonal wind reversal at 10 hPa and 60°N. This simple definition has been applied not only to the reanalysis data but also to climate model output. In the present study, it is shown that the application of this definition to models can be significantly influenced by model mean biases; i.e., more frequent SSWs appear to occur in models with a weaker climatological polar vortex. In order to overcome this deficiency, a tendency-based definition, is proposed and applied to the multi-model data sets archived for the Coupled Model Intercomparison Projection phase 5 (CMIP5). In this definition, SSW-like events are defined by sufficiently strong vortex deceleration. This approach removes a linear relationship between SSW frequency and intensity of climatological polar vortex in the CMIP5 models. Models’ SSW frequency instead becomes correlated with the climatological upward wave flux at 100 hPa. Lower stratospheric wave activity and downward propagation of stratospheric anomalies to the troposphere are also reasonably well captured. However, in both definitions, the high-top models generally exhibit more frequent SSWs than the low-top models. Moreover, a hint of more frequent SSWs in a warm climate is commonly found.