11:30 AM - 11:45 AM
[AAS11-04] Recent trend of atmospheric nitrous oxide isotopocules in the Northern Hemisphere
Keywords:Greenhouse gas, Troposphere, Stable isotope analysis
We have been measuring mixing ratio and isotopocule ratios of N2O at one site in the low lattitude and two sites in the high lattitude of the Northern Hemisphere. At Hateruma, a southwestern island of Japan (24°N, 124°E), monthly air samples are collected into glass flasks at 46 m above sea level, and N2O isotopocule analysis has been conducted since 1999. At Novosibirsk in the western Siberia, Russia (55°N, 83°E), monthly samples are collected at altitudes of 500 m and 7000 m by aircraft, and N2O isotopocule data have been obtained since 2005. At Churchill, northern Canada (59°N, 94°W), surface air samples are collected biweekly, and N2O isotopocule analysis has been conducted bimonthly since 2011.
Results show that the bulk nitrogen isotope ratio (d15Nbulk) are decreasing at the similar rate (about -0.04‰ yr-1) as reported by firn-air analysis while the N2O mixing ratio are increasing (about 0.8 ppbv yr-1) at the three sites. This suggests isotopically light N2O sources such as agriculture are still contributing to the increase in the atmospheric N2O. Detailed analysis of the time series reveals that year-to-year variation of the mixing ratio and d15Nbulk has been enhanced since around 2010 at all the three sites, and that vertical gradient of the mixing ratio and d15Nbulk over Novosibirsk has been also variable recently. Cause of these findings will be discussed with respect to temporal change in N2O flux and isotopic signature of surface sources and change in atmospheric circulation including troposphere-stratosphere exchange, with the aid of atmospheric model simulation.