JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS11] [JJ] Atmospheric Chemistry

Wed. May 24, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 301B (International Conference Hall 3F)

convener:Hitoshi Irie(Center for Environmental Remote Sensing, Chiba University), Toshinobu Machida(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Hiroshi Tanimoto(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Yoko Iwamoto(Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University), Chairperson:Naga Oshima(Meteorological Research Institute), Chairperson:Hideki Nara(Global Carbon Cycle Research Section, Center for Global Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies)

11:00 AM - 11:15 AM

[AAS11-20] Modeling the Long-Range Transport of Particulate Matters During Winter in East Asia using NAQPMS and CMAQ

*Zhe WANG1 (1.Kyushu University)

Keywords:Secondary inorganic aerosol, Dust, Air quality model, Long-Range Transport, East Asia

Two regional chemical transport models (NAQPMS and CMAQ) were used to simulate several episodes of high PM2.5 concentration observed in January 2015 over China and Japan. Simulation results from both models reasonably explained observed PM2.5 levels, as well as the variation observed within three sites in both China and Japan. Some bias existed between these models due to differences in frameworks, including model domains, horizontal resolution, vertical layers, and emissions.

Based on the model results and the synergetic aerosol observations in Fukuoka, Japan, three types of LRT of air pollutants were observed. The first episode showed increased fNO3- concentrations relative to fSO42- (type N), indicating the importance of NO3- LRT in winter. The second episode showed fSO42- concentrations, which were ~3.4-fold greater than fNO3- (type S). The third episode showed high dust concentrations mixed with anthropogenic pollutants (type D), indicating that the LRT of dust was also important in winter, as well as spring.

Both models reasonably explained variations in aerosol components during episodes N and S. Simulated spatial distribution variations indicated the outflow of fSIA from continental Asia to western Japan, consistent with the corresponding PM2.5 peak at Qingdao and over Japan. During episode S, RH was significantly higher than episode N, therefore, SO42- formed quickly due to aqueous-phase reactions under high RH conditions.

During episode D, mineral dust transported from continental Asia was quickly transported to downwind regions, stagnating over the south of Japan for three days (See Figure). Measurements showed high cNO3- concentrations and high cNO3-/fNO3- ratio during episode D. These findings were well reproduced by the NAQPMS model after considering heterogeneous reactions on dust particles, which indicates the importance of heterogeneous processes for the LRT of dust and anthropogenic pollutants over East Asia. During this period, both models underestimated fSO42- levels, indicating that current models may miss certain emissions of SO2 and mechanisms promoting the conversion of SO2 to SO42-.