11:00 AM - 11:15 AM
[AAS11-20] Modeling the Long-Range Transport of Particulate Matters During Winter in East Asia using NAQPMS and CMAQ
Keywords:Secondary inorganic aerosol, Dust, Air quality model, Long-Range Transport, East Asia
Based on the model results and the synergetic aerosol observations in Fukuoka, Japan, three types of LRT of air pollutants were observed. The first episode showed increased fNO3- concentrations relative to fSO42- (type N), indicating the importance of NO3- LRT in winter. The second episode showed fSO42- concentrations, which were ~3.4-fold greater than fNO3- (type S). The third episode showed high dust concentrations mixed with anthropogenic pollutants (type D), indicating that the LRT of dust was also important in winter, as well as spring.
Both models reasonably explained variations in aerosol components during episodes N and S. Simulated spatial distribution variations indicated the outflow of fSIA from continental Asia to western Japan, consistent with the corresponding PM2.5 peak at Qingdao and over Japan. During episode S, RH was significantly higher than episode N, therefore, SO42- formed quickly due to aqueous-phase reactions under high RH conditions.
During episode D, mineral dust transported from continental Asia was quickly transported to downwind regions, stagnating over the south of Japan for three days (See Figure). Measurements showed high cNO3- concentrations and high cNO3-/fNO3- ratio during episode D. These findings were well reproduced by the NAQPMS model after considering heterogeneous reactions on dust particles, which indicates the importance of heterogeneous processes for the LRT of dust and anthropogenic pollutants over East Asia. During this period, both models underestimated fSO42- levels, indicating that current models may miss certain emissions of SO2 and mechanisms promoting the conversion of SO2 to SO42-.