2:45 PM - 3:00 PM
[AAS11-29] Surface melting on ice surfaces visualized by advanced optical microscopy
Keywords: Ice, Surface melting, Quasi-liquid layer, Hydrogen chloride gas, Advanced optical microscopy
Recently, we and Olympus Engineering Co., Ltd. have developed laser confocal microscopy combined with differential interference contrast microscopy (LCM-DIM) by which we succeeded in the direct visualization of 0.37-nm-thick elementary steps  and QLLs  on ice for the first time. The direct visualizations revealed that QLLs with two types morphologies partially cover the ice surface [2,3] although QLLs had been thought to cover the whole ice surface uniformly. And we found that the appearance of QLLs depended on not only the temperature but also water vapor pressures [4,5] and species of ambient gases .
For example, we found that hydrogen chloride (HCl) gas strongly induced the appearances of QLLs. The droplet shape QLLs were observed in the temperature range of -15.0 ~ -1.5°C, where no QLL appears in the absence of HCl gas . These results indicates that HCl gas adsorbed on ice crystal surfaces probably changed the surface structure of ice crystals and then induced the subsequent melting of ice surfaces. The long-term (one-hour) existence of the droplet QLLs under the undersaturated conditions and their behavors strongly suggests that the droplet QLLs were thermodynamically-stable HCl solutions.
In addition, we found that the HCl induced droplets were embedded into ice crystals by growth of ice crystals and the embedded droplets appeared again by evapolation of ice crystals. These results shows the possibility that ice crystals can store large amount of gas components as fluid inclusions.
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