JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS11] [JJ] Atmospheric Chemistry

Wed. May 24, 2017 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

convener:Hitoshi Irie(Center for Environmental Remote Sensing, Chiba University), Toshinobu Machida(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Hiroshi Tanimoto(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Yoko Iwamoto(Graduate School of Biosphere Science, Hiroshima University)

[AAS11-P21] Wet removal mechanisms of black carbon observed in Tokyo and Okinawa

*Tatsuhiro Mori1, Moteki Nobuhiro2, Sho Ohata2, Makoto Koike2, Yutaka Kondo3 (1.Tokyo University of Science, 2.Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 3.National Institute of Polar Research)

Keywords:Black carbon, Wet removal mechanism, Field observation

Quantitative understanding of wet removal process of black carbon (BC) is important because it controls temporal and spatial distribution of BC in the atmosphere. There are two categories of wet removal mechanisms: nucleation scavenging and impaction scavenging. Theoretically, the removal efficiencies of both mechanisms depend on microphysical properties (size(DBC), coating thickness, and hygroscopicity) of BC. However, the relative contribution of these mechanisms to the removal of BC and the key BC microphysical property controlling the wet removal efficiency of BC have never been tested by direct observation. In this study, we conducted ground-based observations of BC in air and in rainwater in Tokyo and Okinawa, using a new observational method (Mori et al., 2016). We compared the observed size-dependent wet removal efficiency of BC particles (RE(DBC), defined as the ratio of the measured size distributions of BC in rainwater to that of BC in ambient air) with the size-dependent number fractions of BC particles scavenged by nucleation (Fccn(DBC)) and impaction (Fimp(DBC)) mechanisms. The Fccn(DBC) and Fimp(DBC) were estimated from the observed microphysical properties of BC in the air before precipitation starts and the observed droplet size and intensity of precipitation.
The size dependence of RE(DBC) showed remarkable differences for the observed 42 precipitation events (31 events in Tokyo and 11 events in Okinawa). The size dependence of RE(DBC) for BC-containing particles with DBC > 100 nm was successfully explained by the size dependence of Fccn(DBC), whereas the contribution of impaction mechanism can be dominant for particles with DBC < 100 nm. For DBC > 100 nm, when BC particles have relatively thick coating (shell/core ratio > 1.2), the RE(DBC) depended little on DBC and the major fraction of BC were removed via nucleation scavenging. On the other hand, when BC particles are nearly bare or have less coating, the RE(DBC) highly depended on DBC, and RE (i.e. Fccn) is more sensitive to the hygroscopiticy of coating materials and the maximum supersaturation of water vapor that BC particles would experience during moist convection process. Our results show that the coating thickness of BC is the key parameter controlling wet removal of BC, and indicate that for accurate simulation of vertical transport of BC from the boundary layer to the free troposphere, detailed modeling of microphysical properties of BC and atmospheric supersaturation is required especially for BC particles with thin coatings.