Keywords:Greenland, ice core, sulfate ion, nitrate ion, Anthropogenic emission
Southeastern Greenland has a dome whose elevation is higher than 3000 m a.s.l. with high accumulation rate (about 1 m yr-1) in water equivalent, which is suitable conditions for reconstructing past environmental changes with a high-time resolution. In this study, we measured major ion fluxes in 90 m ice core drilled from the SE-Dome region in 2015, and obtained records of annual ion fluxes from 1957 to 2014. High average NO3- flux (68.9 mg m-2 yr-1) with low δ15N value in the SE-Dome ice core suggests negligible effect of the post depositional NO3- loss. Thus, the SE-Dome region is one of the best locations for reconstructing nitrate fluxes. Decreasing trend of non-sea-salt (nss) SO42- flux from 1970 to 2010 follows well that of anthropogenic SOx emission from North America, suggesting that the SO42- flux in SE-Dome ice core mainly records anthropogenic emission of SOx from North America. In contrast, the decadal trend of NO3- flux in SE-Dome ice core differs from the decreasing trend of anthropogenic NOx emission in North America. The exact cause of the apparent non-linear relationship remains unclear but a formation of ammonium nitrate particles enhanced by SOx reduction appears to be an important mechanism as suggested by excess ammonium flux over sulfate. Our NO3- flux record is similar to other ice cores in Greenland high elevation sites on 5-yr running average, suggesting that NO3- concentrations records from these ice cores are reliable.