2:00 PM - 2:15 PM
[ACG44-02] Impact of land-use change on terrestrial water balance in the Chao Phraya River Basin
Keywords:Land-use change, Terrestrial water balance, Chao Phraya river basin
The calculated river discharge in the northwestern upper-reaches of the basin, where natural vegetation is broad-leaf evergreen forest, has been compared with the observed inflow of the Bhumipol dam, and that in the northeastern upper-reaches where natural vegetation is mixed forest has been compared with the observed inflow of the Sirikit dam. The observed seasonal change of river discharge, that shows an increase from July to September and a decrease in October, has been roughly presented by the calculation on the northwestern point, but the observed small peaks in May and June has not appeared. Besides, the calculated discharge was concentrated in August on the northeastern point where observed one showed a gradual increase in July and a decrease in September. Moreover, the calculated annual discharges were smaller by a few factors than observed ones. As for the calculated differences due to the land-use change, the beginning time of river discharge was later and the annual discharge was smaller for broad-leaf evergreen forest than cropland, implying the mitigation effect for floods by forest. In contrast, the beginning time of discharge did not show a significant difference and the annual discharge was larger for mixed forest than cropland.
A high-resolution experiment will be conducted using a 5'×5' meteorological data in the Chao Phraya river basin (Kotsuki et sl., 2013). The model and its settings will be improved for better representation of the observed river discharge. The reason for different response to land-use change for different types of forest will be examined, to understand and quantify the impacts of land-use change on the terrestrial water balance and the water resources.
Acknowledgements: We acknowledge Dr. Tomoko Nitta at University of Tokyo and Dr. Shunji Kotsuki at RIKEN as to help conducting the offline MATSIRO experiments. This research is supported in part by Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development (SATREPS) program by Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).
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