10:45 AM - 11:00 AM
[ACG47-06] Do you still use the constant ratio of PAR to solar radiation for global studies?
Keywords:Photosynthetically active radiation, Ratio of PAR to solar radiation, Simple estimation model, Accurate PAR measurement
However, the ratio is not constant. In fact, many researchers have indicated that the observed ratio depends on the site, season, local time, and weather conditions. Nevertheless, the ratio remains incompletely understood as to how it depends on climatic factors. Accordingly, a general estimation model for the ratio of PAR to SR had not been well established.
Thus, the objective of our research is to establish a simple and general estimation model for the ratio of PAR to SR. To establish such a model, accurate measurements of both PAR and SR are needed. SR was measured by the direct and diffuse separation method. This method has been recommended for its accurate measurement by WCRP/WMO . PAR was measured using spectroradiometers and by a direct and diffuse separation method. Because it is well known that quantum sensors commonly used for PAR measurement have problems such as cosine errors, spectral errors, and the lack of a standard absolute PAR value. Our PAR measurement system could minimize such errors [Akitsu et al., 2015].
Using the accurately measured data, we made the simple estimation model using water vapor pressure. The model was validated at specific sites in Japan. Furthermore, the monthly and annual global estimation was conducted using ERA-interim daily dewpoint temperature. On a global scale, the ratio has regional variability. Moreover, it has seasonal and annual variability. If this variable ratio was adopted for the global studies of plant productivity and carbon cycle, existing estimations of GPP might change within 15% of GPP.