11:15 AM - 11:30 AM
[ACG52-09] Marine and atmospheric observations of volatile organic compounds during early spring in the Oyashio region
Keywords:volatile organic compounds, Oyashio region, Sea-Air flux
In order to examine the linkage between biological activities and VOCs dynamics both in the ocean and atmosphere, we made observations of spatial and temporal variations of VOCs during KH-15-1 cruise by R/V Hakuho Maru on March 2015 in the Oyashio region, western subarctic Pacific. The VOCs concentrations in the surface seawater and the overlying atmosphere were continuously measured by Proton Transfer Reaction-Mass Spectrometry during the cruise.
Phytoplankton (measured as Chl. a concentrations) gradually increased from the beginning to end of March. This seems a sign of springtime phytoplankton bloom in the Oyashio region. With the increase in Chl. a, the concentrations of several microbiologically produced VOCs (i.e., DMS, methanthiol, acetone, isoprene, acetaldehyde and propene) in the surface seawater increased. The VOCs concentrations in the air did not show clear increase except for DMS. The DMS concentration in the air showed positive correlation with that in the seawater, suggesting that marine organisms (i.e., phytoplankton) contributed to the increase of DMS concentrations in the air.