10:45 AM - 11:05 AM
[AGE39-01] Altering water and soil heat regimes with hot water applied for soil disinfection
Keywords:Hot water soil disinfection, Water infiltration, Thermal property, TDR
We measured the changes in the volumetric water content and the soil temperature in upland soil treated hot and tap water. The amount of both treated water was 185 L m-2. The hot and tap water were prepared as 95 oC with a water boiler and 25 oC, respectively. The volumetric water content was estimated by dielectric permittivity measured with TDR (Time Domain Reflectometry) sensor and the soil temperature was measured with the type-T thermocouple at 5, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, and 100 cm deep from the soil surface, respectively. Temperature dependencies of the thermal diffusivity and the dielectrics permittivity were revealed. The thermal diffusivity and the dielectric permittivity of Kanto loamy soil were measured from 30 to 90 oC every 10 oC with the cylinder method and TDR, respectively.
The volumetric water content increased from soil surface to deeper soil with hot water application. The volumetric water content in soil in tap water treatment was higher 0.15 m3 m-3 than it in hot water treatment from 5 to 20 cm depth during each water application. Soil temperature from 5 to 40cm was kept over 55 oC more than 4 hours, especially, soil temperature above 10 cm soil depth was raised over 80 oC for a few hours. The dielectric permittivity at 55 and 70 oC in high water content is smaller 15 and 30 % than it at 25 oC. We observed those differences between the volumetric water content in each treatment, because the temperature dependency of the dielectric conductivity.
Temperature dependences of dielectric permittivity of Kanto loamy soil were different at each water content. Especially, it was stronger at high water content. We observed that traveling time of waveform for calculating dielectric permittivity changed shorter with rising soil temperature. Temperature dependence of thermal diffusivity of Kanto loamy soil was strongest at relative water content is around 0.3. We thought that temperature dependency was enhanced by exiting the water vapor.