JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW32] [EE] Biodiversity, nutrients and other materials in ecosystems from headwaters to coasts

Sun. May 21, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 201B (International Conference Hall 2F)

convener:Noboru Okuda(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Shin-ichi Onodera(Graduate School of Integrated and Arts Sciences, Hiroshima University), Tohru Ikeya(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Adina Paytan(University of California Santa Cruz), Chairperson:Tohru Ikeya(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature)

11:00 AM - 11:15 AM

[AHW32-14] Land-use patterns in watershed influence denitrification process in stream sediment

*Hojeong Kang1 (1.Yonsei University)

Keywords:Denitrification, Land use patterns, Microbial communities, Stream

Land-use patterns can affect various nutrient cycles in stream ecosystems, but little information is available on their effects on denitrification processes at the watershed scale. In the presented study, we investigated the controlling factors of denitrification rates within streams of the Han River Basin, Korea with different land-use patterns in order to enhance the effectiveness of water resource management strategies. Ten small watersheds were classified into three land-use patterns (forested, agricultural and urban) using satellite images and a geographic information system technique, and in-situ denitrification rates were determined using an acetylene blocking method. Additionally, sediment samples were collected from each stream to analyze denitrifier communities (T-RFLP) and abundances (real time qPCR) targeting nirS and nosZ genes. In-situ denitrification rates were found to be in the order of agricultural streams (289.6 mg N2O-N m-2 d-1) > urban streams (157.0 mg N2O-N m-2 d-1) > forested streams (41.9 mg N2O-N m-2 d-1). The quantity of nirS genes was the highest but that of nosZ genes was the lowest in agricultural streams. In contrast, genetic diversity of denitrifying genes was not affected by watershed land-use patterns, but exhibited stream-dependent patterns. While land-use pattern is the most prominent evaluator for the denitrification rates at a landscape scale, other factors such as clay content, DOC and temperature are as important at a local scale.