JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW32] [EE] Biodiversity, nutrients and other materials in ecosystems from headwaters to coasts

Sun. May 21, 2017 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 201B (International Conference Hall 2F)

convener:Noboru Okuda(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Shin-ichi Onodera(Graduate School of Integrated and Arts Sciences, Hiroshima University), Tohru Ikeya(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Adina Paytan(University of California Santa Cruz), Chairperson:Noboru Okuda(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature)

2:45 PM - 3:00 PM

[AHW32-23] Thermal regime of a subarctic deep lake and its response to climate change: the non-freezing effect on the ecosystem

*Kazuhisa A. Chikita1, Hideo Oyagi2, Shiori Yamane6, Tadao Aiyama3, Toshihisa Itaya4, Misao Okada5 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, 2.College of Humanities and Sciences, Nihon University, 3.The Fukuda Hydrology Center, Inc., 4.Shin Engineering Consultant, Inc., 5.Suiko-Research, Inc., 6.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, School of Science, Hokkaido University)

Keywords:non-freezing, heat storage change, climate change, deep lake

According to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification, the Hokkaido Island, Japan, belongs to the southernmost subarctic area, but lakes in Hokkaido belongs to dimictic, temperate ones. This research focuses on non-freezing of a temperate deep lake, Lake Kuttara, Hokkaido, and its effect on the ecosystem (Fig. 1). Using 3-yr water-temperature and hydrometeorological data, we got the intra- and interannual changes of the heat storage. As a result, it is seen that, if accumulated heat storage change is more than - 500 W/m2, the lake could be unfrozen. The sensitivity analysis to main meteorological factors indicates that an increase in air temperature is most effective to an increase in the heat storage change, and that the lake could be eternally unfrozen in a few decades.