9:25 AM - 9:45 AM
[AHW35-02] The isotopic ratios of the hot springs in the Jigokudani Valley, Tateyama Volcano
Keywords:Hydrothermal system, Hot spring, Water isotopic ratio, Sulfur isotopic ratio
Hot-spring waters were sampled from 2014 to 2016, and we measured anion concentrations and isotopic ratios of them (δ18Owater, δDwater, δ34Ssulfate and δ33Ssulfate). The results of the isotopic ratio of water and the anion concentration suggested that the hot springs of the JV were classified into the following three groups. (1) Hot springs characterized by high anion concentration and the isotopic ratio of water close to the magmatic vapor (MV). In addition, the Cl-/SO42- concentration ratio showed the value near 1. (2) Hot springs which showed large time variations of Cl-/SO42- concentration ratios because of decrease of Cl- concentration. The isotopic ratios of water were plotted between MV and local meteoric water (LMW). (3) Hot springs which were mainly composed of SO42- without Cl- and showed low anion concentrations and the low isotopic ratios near LMW.
We also measured the δ34S value of sulfate in the hot-spring waters. Generally, primary sulfates (derived from SO2 disproportionation) in hot springs show higher δ34S values than secondary sulfates (formed by the H2S oxidation). The δ34S of hot springs in the JV showed the values from -0.81‰ to 19.93‰. The sulfate of (3) is considered to be derived from the oxidation of H2S because δ34S showed low values. On the other hand, δ34S values of (1) and (2) were distributed over a wide range regardless of the ion concentration and the isotopic ratio of water. A linear relationship between δ33S and δ33S is known because isotopic fractionation depends on the mass difference, which is called the mass dependent fractionation (MDF). The deviation from MDF (defined as Δ33S) of samples in the JV was not zero, which is considered to be affected by kinetic isotope effects. The intersection point (δ34S ~ 9‰) between the regression line of samples and the Δ33S = 0 line might indicate the sulfate value of the primitive magmatic gases.
These results indicate the following formation processes of hot springs of JV; (1) Hot springs derived from the condensation of volcanic gases. (2) Hot springs formed by the mixing of the vapor phase of two-phase fluid and meteoric water at shallow depth. (3) Hot springs formed by the surface water in which H2S in volcanic gases were dissolved.
We compared the results of the geochemical analysis with the resistivity structure (Seki et al., 2016), which indicates that all hot springs of the JV are formed within the depth of 500 m. In particular, we found that the hot-spring water of (2) was formed directly beneath the cap rock that is a key structure of the occurrence of phreatic eruptions. It is important to monitor the chemical and isotopic compositions of the hot-spring water in order to detect the changes in the volcanic activity because the hot spring of JV is formed in the shallow depth and affected by the conditions of temperature and pressure.