JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW35] [EJ] Isotope Hydrology 2017

Sat. May 20, 2017 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 304 (International Conference Hall 3F)

convener:Masaya Yasuhara(Rissho Univ.), Kohei Kazahaya(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Kazuyoshi Asai(Geo Science Laboratory), Shinji Ohsawa(Institute for Geothermal Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Chairperson:Masaya Yasuhara(Rissho Univ.), Chairperson:Kohei Kazahaya(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Chairperson:Kazuyoshi Asai(Geo-Science Laboratory)

9:25 AM - 9:45 AM

[AHW35-02] The isotopic ratios of the hot springs in the Jigokudani Valley, Tateyama Volcano

★Invited papers

*Kaori Seki1, Takeshi Ohba2, Shinnosuke Aoyama1, Yuichiro Ueno1, Wataru Kanda1, Toshiya Tanbo3 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2.Department of chemistry, School of Science, Tokia University, 3.Tateyama Caldera Sabo Museum, Toyama Prefecture)

Keywords:Hydrothermal system, Hot spring, Water isotopic ratio, Sulfur isotopic ratio

Tateyama Volcano in the Hida Mountains has an active solfatara field called Jigokudani Valley (JV). The JV is formed by repeated phreatic eruptions about 40,000 years ago. These situations are suggestive of the presence of a well-developed hydrothermal system beneath the JV because phreatic eruptions mostly occur within the hydrothermal system. Recently, the JV showed the increased volcanic activity such as the sulfur outflow and the changes in the composition of fumarolic gases. We conducted resistivity surveys and geochemical analyses of the hot-spring water in order to reveal the hydrothermal system beneath the JV.
Hot-spring waters were sampled from 2014 to 2016, and we measured anion concentrations and isotopic ratios of them (δ18Owater, δDwater, δ34Ssulfate and δ33Ssulfate). The results of the isotopic ratio of water and the anion concentration suggested that the hot springs of the JV were classified into the following three groups. (1) Hot springs characterized by high anion concentration and the isotopic ratio of water close to the magmatic vapor (MV). In addition, the Cl-/SO42- concentration ratio showed the value near 1. (2) Hot springs which showed large time variations of Cl-/SO42- concentration ratios because of decrease of Cl- concentration. The isotopic ratios of water were plotted between MV and local meteoric water (LMW). (3) Hot springs which were mainly composed of SO42- without Cl- and showed low anion concentrations and the low isotopic ratios near LMW.
We also measured the δ34S value of sulfate in the hot-spring waters. Generally, primary sulfates (derived from SO2 disproportionation) in hot springs show higher δ34S values than secondary sulfates (formed by the H2S oxidation). The δ34S of hot springs in the JV showed the values from -0.81‰ to 19.93‰. The sulfate of (3) is considered to be derived from the oxidation of H2S because δ34S showed low values. On the other hand, δ34S values of (1) and (2) were distributed over a wide range regardless of the ion concentration and the isotopic ratio of water. A linear relationship between δ33S and δ33S is known because isotopic fractionation depends on the mass difference, which is called the mass dependent fractionation (MDF). The deviation from MDF (defined as Δ33S) of samples in the JV was not zero, which is considered to be affected by kinetic isotope effects. The intersection point (δ34S ~ 9‰) between the regression line of samples and the Δ33S = 0 line might indicate the sulfate value of the primitive magmatic gases.
These results indicate the following formation processes of hot springs of JV; (1) Hot springs derived from the condensation of volcanic gases. (2) Hot springs formed by the mixing of the vapor phase of two-phase fluid and meteoric water at shallow depth. (3) Hot springs formed by the surface water in which H2S in volcanic gases were dissolved.
We compared the results of the geochemical analysis with the resistivity structure (Seki et al., 2016), which indicates that all hot springs of the JV are formed within the depth of 500 m. In particular, we found that the hot-spring water of (2) was formed directly beneath the cap rock that is a key structure of the occurrence of phreatic eruptions. It is important to monitor the chemical and isotopic compositions of the hot-spring water in order to detect the changes in the volcanic activity because the hot spring of JV is formed in the shallow depth and affected by the conditions of temperature and pressure.