JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS13] [EE] Continental-Oceanic Mutual Interaction: Global-scale Material Circulation through River Runoff

Tue. May 23, 2017 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 302 (International Conference Hall 3F)

convener:Yosuke Yamashiki(Global Water Resources Assessment Laboratory - Yamashiki Laboratory Graduate School of Advanced Integrated Studies in Human Survivability Kyoto University), Yukio Masumoto(Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Swadhin Behera(Climate Variation Predictability and Applicability Research Group, Application Laboratory, JAMSTEC, 3173-25 Showa-machi, Yokohama 236-0001), Yasumasa Miyazawa(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Chairperson:Yukio Masumoto(Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Behera Swadhin(JAMSTEC)

1:45 PM - 2:00 PM

[AOS13-01] How to make an ocean planet habitable

★Invited papers

*Takanori Sasaki1 (1.Department of Astronomy, Kyoto University)

Keywords:Earth, ocean, exoplanet, habitable

Since the first discovery in 1995, over 3,500 exoplanets have been identified so far. Some of them are known to have the similar sizes as the Earth and be located in the “habitable zones” around the central stars. These exoplanets could have water on the surface—they are called “ocean planets.” Even though we have found many ocean planets, however, we do not know whether they are really habitable or not. Earth, the only planet known to harbor life, has ocean on the surface, but the amount of water is subtle (~0.023 wt% of the Earth). Recent studies insisted that the proper amount of water—not too much, not too little—is essential to generation and evolution of life. Therefore, it is important to understand why Earth has got such a small amount of water to answer the question “how to make an ocean planet habitable?” I will review the general water supply process to terrestrial planets, and discuss the existence and observability of habitable exoplanets.