JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS14] [EE] Marine ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles: theory, observation and modeling

Sun. May 21, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 303 (International Conference Hall 3F)

convener:Takafumi Hirata(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Shin-ichi Ito(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Eileen E Hofmann(Old Dominion University), Enrique N Curchitser(Rutgers University New Brunswick), Chairperson:Taka Hirata(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Chairperson:Shin-Ichi Ito(The University of Tokyo)

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

[AOS14-03] Cluster III nifH-harboring microbes dominated diazotroph communities in the Chukchi Sea (western Arctic Ocean)

*Takuhei Shiozaki1, Amane Fujiwara1, Minoru Ijichi2, Naomi Harada1, Shigeto Nishino1, Toshi Nagata2, Koji Hamasaki2 (1.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Tecnology, 2.The University of Tokyo, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute)

Keywords:Nitrogen fixation, Arctic Ocean, nifH gene

Marine nitrogen fixation is now considered to occur not only in subtropical and tropical regions but also in colder regions, although the extent of and the identity of diazotrophs responsible for nitrogen fixation in the Arctic Ocean remain poorly understood. Here we examined diazotroph community structure and activity in the Chukchi Sea, a marginal sea of the western Arctic, during summer 2015. The diazotroph community determined by Illumina sequencing was mainly composed of Cluster III nifH phylotypes (putative anaerobes), accounting for 60–100% of the total sequences examined except one surface sample. This result is strikingly different from the previous findings in other oceanic regions. The nifH sequences other than Cluster III were mostly affiliated with UCYN-A2 (symbiotic cyanobacteria), which accounted for less than 15% of the total sequences. Nitrogen fixation rates were measurable at all the stations, with the maximum rate of 1.84 nmol L-1 d-1. The nitrogen fixation rates varied in a complex manner, displaying no clear relationship with depth (light intensity) and nitrate concentrations. The nitrogen fixation rate exceeded the nitrate assimilation rate in some nitrate-depleted waters, indicating that the diazotrophs could be an important source of new nitrogen in the Chukchi Sea.