JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS18] [EJ] Beyond physics-to-fish: Integrative impacts of climate change on living marine resources

Tue. May 23, 2017 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 303 (International Conference Hall 3F)

convener:Rebecca G Asch(East Carolina University), Colleen Mary Petrik(Princeton University), Gabriel Reygondeau(University of British Columbia), Maria De Oca(Duke University), Chairperson:Rebecca Asch(East Carolina University)

9:15 AM - 9:30 AM

[AOS18-02] Reproducing migration history of Japanese sardine using otolith d18O and a data assimilation model

★Invited papers

*Tatsuya Sakamoto1, Kosei Komatsu2,1, Shirai Kotaro1, Yasuhiro Kamimura3, Chikako Watanabe3, Atsushi Kawabata4, Michio Yoneda5, Toyoho Ishimura6, Tomihiko Higuchi1, Takashi Setou3, Manabu Shimizu3 (1.Atomsphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 2.Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 3.National Research Institute of Fisheries Science, 4.Fisheries Agency , 5.National Research Institute of Fisheries and Environment of Inland Sea, 6.National Institute of Technology, Ibaraki College)

Keywords:Sardine, Otolith, Oxygen isotope

A new method to reproduce migration histories of Japanese sardine (Sardinops melanostictus) was developed by using the combination of otolith oxygen stable isotope ratio (δ18O) and a data assimilation model. Firstly, rearing experiments for three different temperatures were conducted for a month and otolith δ18O were analyzed. A linear relationship between otolith δ18O and temperature was determined for the first time for Japanese sardine as follows: δotolithwater-0.181*Temperature+2.690, r2=0.91 (1). Secondly, seawater δ18O and salinity in the western North Pacific were revealed to be strongly correlated from in situ samplings: δwater=0.5951*Salinity-20.347, r2=0.89 (2). Micro-volume δ18O analysis and our original micro-sampling technique enabled us to extract otolith δ18O profile in a temporal resolution of 10-15 days through whole life of juveniles approximately 200 days post hatch. For the dates corresponding to each value of the profile, surface temperature and salinity in the range of 30-55N, 130-180E were extracted from a data assimilation ocean model FRA-ROMS which reproduces ocean environment realistically. Temperature and salinity in each grid were converted into otolith δ18O value using Eq. (1) and (2). Grid points in which the calculated otolith δ18O value was equivalent to actually analyzed one were considered to be the location of the individual on the date. Movements of the juveniles reproduced by this method clearly showed the northward migration from the Kuroshio-Oyashio transition zone to the Oyashio region and the estimated location on the sampling week approached to the actual sampling point, which indicated the high accuracy of the method.