JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS20] [EJ] Research for a healthy ocean and a sustainable use of its resources and services

Tue. May 23, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 303 (International Conference Hall 3F)

convener:Thorsten Kiefer(Future Earth), Toshio Yamagata(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Ken Furuya(The University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Thorsten Kiefer(Future Earth), Chairperson:Ken Furuya(Department of Aquatic Bioscience, The University of Tokyo)

10:46 AM - 11:00 AM

[AOS20-01] New Ocean Provinces for Evidence-Based Management of Marine Ecosystem Services: Five-years of progress under the transdisciplinary NEOPS science program

*Hiroaki Saito1, Ken Furuya2 (1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, the University of Tokyo, 2.The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:ecosystem service, Pacific Ocean, sustainable use

The ways in which marine ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles respond to global environmental change is an increasingly important issue for today’s science community. Understanding the human dimensions linked to these dynamics is crucially important to determine how the benefits that humans have been receiving from the ocean will change in the future, and how ocean management can be optimized in order to promote sustainable development. To answer these questions, we launched a five-year transdisciplinary project: NEOPS (New Ocean Paradigm on its Biogeochemistry, Ecosystem and Sustainable Use). In addition to exploring pathways to sustainable use of marine ecosystem services, an essential part of the project has been to specify new ocean provinces. Material cycling and ecosystem functions determine the boundaries of these provinces, so they provide a firm scientific base on which to build a legal and economic framework for sustainable ocean management. Longhurst (1995) proposed a single universal map of ocean provinces, but the NEOPS project is preparing around 100 maps based on physical (T, S, mixed layer, eddy, etc), chemical (pCO2, pH, nutrients, BSi, CDOM, flux, etc), and biological (Chl, N fixation, 18S rDNA of phytoplankton, zooplankton, squid, toothed whales, etc) data. NEOPS is also planning to prepare maps of ocean provinces tailored to specific needs (e.g., ocean provinces for tuna fisheries) through the application of user-friendly tools such as Google Earth.