[AOS22-P05] Identification of the Kuroshio and its extension paths from satelite
Keywords:The Kuroshio, The Kuroshio Extension
After the Kuroshio is seperating from east of the Boso penisula, we call the eastward jet as the Kuroshio Extension (KE). It is considered that the KE has basically quasi-stationary meanders with two ridges located at 144 and 150E. Recently, satelite altimetric measurements of the sea surace height field allow us to have been clarified various meander patterns of the KE due to mesoscale eddies and its decadal changes (Qiu and Chen, 2005).
Using sea surface height of satellite altimetric measurements, to determin the path of flows in the ocean is generally very difficult. Determinaion of the KE path, in particular, is difficult because of exisitance of many mesoscale eddies.
In this study, using daily gridded absolute dynamic sea surface height (ADH) distributed by AVISO, we try to determin the paths of the Kurosio/Kuroshi Extension.
Although previous studies have been individually discussed the Kuroshio paths and the KE paths, we here regard the Kuroshio and the KE as one system.
The determination processes of the path are follows. (1) the daily ADH fields and the surface geostrophic flows derived from those are smoothed by 3-month. (2) the maximum absolute geostrophic flows are detected by scanning north-south at the intervals of 1/4 degree longitude from 130E to 140E. The ADHs corresponding the maximum absolute geostrophic flow detected at each longitude are averaged. This mean ADH from 130E to 140E is determined as the ADH which show the Kuroshio path. (3) the start point of the Kuroshio path is determined by the mean ADH on the 126E longitude line. After scanning the south-north along longitude lines and scanning the east-west along latitude lines in order, the next point is selected the shortest distance from among the position of the same values of ADH. (4) this method is repeated to 170E. One path of the Kuroshio/Kuroshio Extension at a instantaneous section is obtained in this way.
We discuss on the statistics of the Kuroshio/Kuroshio Extension paths obtained by the above method.