JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS25] [JJ] Oceanic responses to global warming and ocean acidification in coastal regions

Mon. May 22, 2017 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 303 (International Conference Hall 3F)

convener:Tsuneo Ono(Fisheries Research Agency), Masahiko Fujii(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science), Takeshi Yoshimura(Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry), Chairperson:Takeshi Yoshimura(Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry)

10:00 AM - 10:15 AM

[AOS25-05] Effects of ocean acidification on growth and calcification in juvenile Japanese surf clam Pseudocardium sachalinense

*Masahiro Hayashi1, Kozue Nishida2, Ryota Suwa3, Chiho Kishida1, Yusuke Watanabe1, Yasushi Minowa1, Atsushi Suzuki4, Yukihiro Nojiri5 (1.Marine Ecology Research Institute, 2.NIT, Ibaraki College, 3.OIST Graduate University, 4.Geological Survey of Japan, AIST, 5.Hirosaki University)

Keywords:ocean acidification, growth effect, calcification, stable carbon isotope, Japanese surf clam

Many previous studies have reported that ocean acidification could give negative influences on marine calcifiers. However, the influences of ocean acidification on edible marine species, especially on cold-water species, are poorly understood. Juvenile Japanese surf clam was exposed to five levels of pCO2 (400, 600, 800, 1,000, and 1,200 µatm) during 20 weeks and these effects on its growth and stable isotope compositions of shell were examined. The clam is important in local fisheries and inhabits on the upper subtidal sandy bottom in northern Japan.

We found non-significant effects of elevated CO2 on weight (whole body, shell, and soft tissue), shell length, shell width, and shell height during experiments. Meanwhile, shell thickness at a region that grew during experiments thinned in a pCO2-dependent manner. These results suggest that effect of ocean acidification on juvenile Japanese surf clam was not the shell dissolution but the inhibition of shell formation.

We studied the contribution of acidified seawater on shell calcification by stable carbon isotope composition (δ13C). The δ13C of the shells collected from the external margin of the outer shell layer showed significant positive correlations with pH (R = 0.56, p < 0.05). The regression slope of the relationship between shell δ13C and pH was roughly the same as that between δ13C of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) of seawater and pH, and calcification of the experimental specimens might be strongly affected by acidified seawater. Thus, by measuring δ13C of molluscan shell and DIC of seawater, it might be possible to estimate the contribution of acidified seawater to calcification.

The concentration of carbonate ion which is necessary for calcification decreased with increasing pCO2. Because of the influx of acidified seawater into the extrapallial fluid, the decrease in carbonate ion in the extrapallial fluid might induce a thinner shell formation. Therefore, in acidified seawater, Japanese surf clam might have a poor pH regulation of the extrapallial fluid.