2:45 PM - 3:00 PM
[AOS26-05] Evaluating and projecting spatio-temporal changes in reef-building coral diversity
We collected records of coral species occurrence since 1930s. After careful examination of the species distribution, we detected four species showed range expansions. Annual variability of winter SST reconstructed the range expansions using histrically calculated SSTs by climate models. On the other hand, southern Japan, coral bleaching events were driven by anomalously high SSTs in summer. Further, poor recovery after the bleaching was observed at sites that suffer from terrestrial red-soil runoff. Future projection of coral habitats based on these results and climate model outputs suggests the importance of reducing CO2 emission for conservation of corals. In addition, important marine areas for coral conservation was detected by using the EBSA criteria. These results would contribute to adaptation planning to climate change (e.g., reducing red-soil runoff, designating protected areas, etc.).