JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS26] [JJ] Research on the biodiversity of ocean ecosystems for the conservation of marine biological resources

Sun. May 21, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

convener:Isao Koike(University of Ryukyus), KAORU NAKATA(Japanese Fisheries Research and Education Agency), Katsunori FUJIKURA(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Hiroya Sugisaki(Japan Fisheries Research and Education Agency)

[AOS26-P05] Migration history of sardine reconstructed from carbon-14 as a tracer

*Yosuke Miyairi1, Yusuke Yokoyama1, Chikako Watanabe2, Yoshiro Watanabe1, Toshi Nagata1 (1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo., 2.National Research Institute of Fisheries Science, Japan Fisheries Research and Education Agency)

Keywords:Radiocarbon, Isotopic Analysis, Marine Ecology, Sardine

Radiocarbon concentration of DIC in seawater can be varied depending on the location due to the global ocean circulation. Since it takes around 1,000 years to travel around the world the area that is influenced from upwelling water is depleted in radiocarbon owing to the decay since the last contact with the atmosphere. Oyashio water is such location thus the large difference between Kuroshio water is existed. Fish captures these signals during their lifetime via the marine food web hence it is possible to identify their ecological information including migration histories.
We applied this concept using improved radiocarbon techniques using Single Stage Accelerator Mass Spectrometry installed at the Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo (Yokoyama et al., 2016 PNAS). Groups of sardine captured off Japan were used and clearly identified two different types namely the one that was born in Kuroshio region from winter to spring and traveled to the north where Oyashio water is dominant, whereas the other group remained entire time before captured by fisherman. This is the first time to distinguish individual life history of sardine in quantitative manner and shows strong promise of radiocarbon based ecological studies of fish migration.