4:15 PM - 4:30 PM
[BAO01-09] Interaction of Methanogens and Early Earth Environment
Keywords:Early Earth, Methanogens, biological nitrogen fixation
The model shows prior to the development of biological nitrogen fixation, the methanogens biosphere would have little impact on the environment because of limited Net Primary productivity (NPP). After the invention of biological nitrogen fixation, there could be 2 types of interaction patterns. In the case of low hydrogen escape efficiency and high CO2 weathering rate, both the biomass of methanogens and the environmental variables (temperature, greenhouse gas concentrations, etc.) show cyclic variations around the freezing point. Activities of methanogens are limited by environmental temperature in this case, which is in turn regulated by atmospheric CO2 and H2. In the case of high hydrogen escape efficiency and high CO2 weathering rate, low hydrogen escape efficiency and low CO2 weathering rate and high H2 escape efficiency and low CO2 weathering rate, both the biomass of methanogens and the environmental variables are stable, with the activities of methanogens limited by the availability of H2, which does not directly influence environmental temperature. We will compare the NPP and atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases in the coupled model with results in previous works (Kharecha et al. 2005, Canfield et al. 2006, Wordsworth et al. 2013). We will also discuss the impact of biological nitrogen fixation on the interactions of methanogens and the Archean environment.