JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

B (Biogeosciences) » B-BG Biogeosciences & Geosphere-Biosphere Interactions

[B-BG02] [JJ] Microbial ecology in earth and planetary sciences

Wed. May 24, 2017 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

convener:Michinari Sunamura(University of Tokyo Dept. of Earth & Planetary Science), Yuki Morono(Kochi Institute for Core Sample Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Keisuke Koba(Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University), Natsuko Hamamura(Kyushu University)

[BBG02-P01] Nitrogen and oxygen isotope fractionation during anammox in the activated sludge

Syoutoku Kotajima2, *Keisuke Koba1, Daisuke Ikeda2, Akihiko Terada2, Kazuichi Isaka4,3, Midori Yano1, Akiko Makabe6, Yuuya Kimura4, Kazuya Nishina5, Muneoki Yoh2 (1.Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University, 2.Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 3.Toyo University, 4.Hitachi Co. Ltd., 5.National Institute of Environmental Studies, 6.JAMSTEC)

Keywords:Anammox, d15N, d18O

Anammox is an important nitrogen removal pathway in many ecosystems. However, it is still unclear how important the anammox is quantitatively compared with the denitrification. Natural abundance of 15N and 18O of nitrogenous compounds such as ammonium, nitrate and nitrite can provide unique infromation to investigate the relative contribution of anammox to the total nitrogen removal, although the lack of reports on isotopic fractionation factors in the anammox cannot allow us to explore the use of stable isotope signature in the anammox studies.
We incubated the sludge anaerobically to trace the changes in concentrations and isotopic signatures of ammonium, nitrite and nitrate during the anammox process to calculate the isotopic fractionation factors. We found the large isotopic fractionations for ammonium oxidation and nitrite reduction by anammox. In addition, the inverse isotopic fractionation during nitrite oxidation to nitrate was observed. Moreover, the exchange rate of O atom between water and nitrite was higher than previously thought, indicating the importance of this process in regulating the isotope systematics. In the presentation, wapply the isotopic fractionation factors obtained from our incubation experiments to make a simple process model to see if isotopic signatures can detect the anammox in the denitrification-dominated environment.