JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

B (Biogeosciences) » B-CG Complex & General

[B-CG07] [EE] Earth and Planetary Science Frontiers for Life and Global Environment

Mon. May 22, 2017 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 201B (International Conference Hall 2F)

convener:Yoshinori Takano(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Yohey Suzuki(Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Keisuke Fukushi(Institute of Nature & Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University), Katsunori Yanagawa(Graduate School of Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu University), Chairperson:Yoshinori Takano(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Chairperson:Yohey Suzuki(Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Shingo Kato(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

10:15 AM - 10:30 AM

[BCG07-06] Ecology of willow in the Arctic and its feedback to Indigirka river condition and its tributaries using stable isotopic methods

*RONG FAN1, Shinya Takano1, Tomoki Morozumi1, Ryo Shingubara1, Shunsuke Tei2, Trofim Maximov3,4, Atsuko Sugimoto1,2 (1.Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, 2.Arctic Research Center, Hokkaido University, 3.Institute for Biological Problem of Cryolithozone, Siberian Division of Russian Academy of Science, 4.North-Eastern Federal University)

Keywords:Eastern Siberia, Taiga-Tundra ecosystem, Willow, Stable isotope, δ13C and δ15N, δ18O

In northeast Siberian Arctic, rapid warming have been observed(Serreze and Barry, 2011; ACIA, 2004; IPCC, 2013) and Yana-Indigirka-Kolyma lowland located there has a large area. River changes is one of key parameters to control material cycling through water level changes. From our former work (Morozumi, in preparation), we found willow growing widely along river, so that willow there can be good records of river condition. Foliar δ13C and δ15N values are known as integrated indicators of environment, meanwhile plant δ18O is expected to record source water isotope ratio.
This study was conducted in taiga-tundra ecosystem along Indigirka river (70.63°N, 147.91°E). Three transect sites were set up along mainstream and also tributary. In each site, sampling was made at three points along a transect from river to land. Willow current year shoot were collected, other samples including river water, soil water, willow stem were collected weekly in summer, both 2015 and 2016. In the end of July in both year, there are also widely random sampling of willow current year shoot.
In 2015, N content ranged from 1.5% to 3.9% and δ15N from -5.6‰ to 5.3‰ showed clear spatial variation with high N content and δ15N near river and low N content and δ15N on land in 2015. No clear differences was observed for willow foliar δ13C which ranged from -31.1‰ to -25.3‰. In 2016, same trend as last year was found in foliar δ15N (from -6.84‰ to 4.91‰) in large area and showed clear spatial variation from water logging points (0.6±2.6‰), near water points (-2.3±1.05‰) and land points (-3.8±0.9‰). This maybe caused by denitrification and enhanced leaching in waterlogging points. Willow foliar δ13C(-31.6‰ to -25.7‰) and N content (1.4% to 4.3%) didn’t show difference. In summer of 2015, the δ18O value of mainstream was little different from tributaries, because the relative high water level in summer of 2015. Soil water δ18O at the nearest location of river was affected by river water, and in addition, stem water δ18O varied with that of 20cm-soil water (R²=0.55, p<0.001). At the points by river, cellulose δ18O of current year shoot along tributary was little higher than along mainstream. The points by river also has lower δ18O compared to the points on land. These together proved δ18O of willow could record δ18O of river. In future work, tree-ring studies to reconstruct water level and the water level differences between mainstream and its tributaries will be challenged.
This study showed the physiology and phenology of willow growing in Indigirka lowland and tried to reveal the relationship with river and willow growing from stable C and N isotopic aspect. And also tried to figure out source water changes which related to river water level changes by δ18O ratios of willow.