JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

B (Biogeosciences) » B-CG Complex & General

[B-CG07] [EE] Earth and Planetary Science Frontiers for Life and Global Environment

Mon. May 22, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 201B (International Conference Hall 2F)

convener:Yoshinori Takano(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Yohey Suzuki(Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Keisuke Fukushi(Institute of Nature & Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University), Katsunori Yanagawa(Graduate School of Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu University), Chairperson:Keisuke Fukushi(Institute of Nature & Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University), Chairperson:Katsunori Yanagawa(Graduate School of Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu University), Chairperson:Yoshinori Takano(JAMSTEC)

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

[BCG07-10] Iron Isotope Signatures of Gastropods at the Hydrothermal Vent

*Yuko Yamagata1, Yuki Tanaka1, Chong Chen3, Takashi Toyofuku3, Takafumi Hirata2 (1.Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, 2.Graduate School of Science, Tokyo University, 3.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology )

Keywords:Fe stable isotope, Fe bio-cycle, hydrothermal vent, scaly-foot gastropod, Gigantopelta aegis, multiple collector ICP-mass spectrometer (MC-ICP-MS)

Variation in iron isotope ratio (δ56Fe/54Fe) of biological samples can reflect principally the differences in the Fe absorption efficiency from food sources. In the marine environment, several pioneering studies have revealed that δ56Fe of marine organisms did not vary significantly among different organs of an organism, or among different trophic levels, due to the availability of Fe being very limited in seawater. In contrast, Fe abundance in hydrothermal vent fields (~10%) is many fold higher than most of seawater (~10-7%). This evoked us to consider that the Fe bio-cycle at hydrothermal vents is likely to be different from most other marine environment. However, the detailed understanding concerning the Fe absorption and metabolism in organisms inhabiting hydrothermal vents remained obscure.
To investigate the Fe bio-cycle at the Fe-enriched hydrothermal vent environment, the Fe isotope ratio of two vent endemic snails with thioautotrophic endosymbionts were measured. This included the ‘scaly-foot gastropod’ (Chrysomallon squamiferum) (n=5) and Gigantopelta aegis (n=5), which are members of the same family Peltospiridae and live side-by-side in the Longqi vent field, Southwest Indian Ridge. The δ56Fe of various tissues (muscle, gill, blood, heart, endosymbiont-containing oesophageal gland), shell, and scales on the foot were measured using a multiple collector ICP-mass spectrometer (MC-ICP-MS), after the decomposition of organic component and the purification of Fe through an anion-exchange chromatography.
The resulting of δ56Fe for muscle, gill, blood, and heart from the ‘scaly-foot’ was approximately the same as the δ56Fe value of the environment, indicating high absorption efficiencies of Fe. On the other hand, the δ56Fe of such tissues in Gigantopelta aegis was about 1‰ lower than the ‘scaly-foot’ and the environment, indicative of lower Fe absorption efficiencies. No differences in δ56Fe was detected in the endosymbiotic bacteria hosting oesophageal gland between the ‘scaly-foot’ and Gigantopelta aegis; but only in the ‘scaly-foot’ the isotopic ratio was different from other tissues. These results suggest that the ‘scaly-foot’ has high Fe absorption efficiency from the environment but low Fe supply efficiency to its endosynbionts, whereas Gigantopelta aegis has low Fe absorption efficiency but high Fe supply efficiency to its endosymbionts. The Fe isotope signatures obtained here revealed clear differences in the absorption efficiency of dietary Fe, between two closely related snails in the same environment with similar lifestyle. These signatures will also be discussed in relation to two key adaptations of these snails, namely hosting endosymbiotic bacteria in an internalized organ and having an iron-compound layer on the shell and scales.