10:45 AM - 11:00 AM
[BCG09-01] High-precision U-Pb temporal constraints on the early Cambrian diversification of animal life from eastern Yunnan, China
Keywords:U-Pb geochronology, Cambrian, Small shelly fossils, Biostratigraphy, Ediacaran-Cambrian boundary
Samples from the top of the Ediacaran Dengying Formation and the base of the Cambrian Daibu Member of the Zhujiaqing Formation in the chemostratigraphically constrained Xiaotan section provide the best estimate for the age of the basal Cambrian negative carbon isotopic excursion (BACE), as well as the Ediacaran-Cambrian boundary. The new U-Pb age constraints for the boundary are on the order of 2 myr younger than the currently accepted age. Preliminary analyses of previously dated boundary ash beds from Oman and Namibia appear to support a revision of the boundary age, pending more comprehensive examination of the corresponding successions.
Further up stratigraphically, new high-precision age results from the base of Dahai Member of the Zhujiaqing Formation and the base of the Shiyantou Formation constrain the interval of the largest and most widely recognized positive carbon isotope excursion of the Terreneuvian, generally known as ZHUCE, to have occurred between ca. 527 Ma and ca. 526 Ma. Our new age results from the uppermost Dahai Member and basal Shiyantou Formation together constrain the beginning of the important negative carbon isotopic excursion known as SHICE. The latter also places maximum age limits on the first known appearance of trilobites and Chengjiang fauna. Our new calibration of the basal Cambrian biostratigraphy in South China places the base of Zone II (Siphogonuchites triangularis- Paragloborilus subglobosus Assemblage) and Zone III (Heraultipegma yunnanensis Assemblage) of the small shelly fossils at ca. 533 Ma and ca. 527 Ma, respectively, whereas the top of Zone III is constrained at ca. 526 Ma.