JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

B (Biogeosciences) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT04] [EJ] Evolution of Chemosynthetic Ecosystem in Earth History

Sun. May 21, 2017 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 106 (International Conference Hall 1F)

convener:Robert Jenkins(School of Natural System, College of Science and Engineering, Kanazawa University), Hiromi Kayama WATANABE(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Takami Nobuhara(Science Education (Geology), Faculty of Education, Shizuoka University), Ryuichi Majima(Faculty of Education and Human Sciences, Yokohama National University), Chairperson:Robert Jenkins(School of Natural System, College of Science and Engineering, Kanazawa University), Chairperson:Hiromi Watanabe(JAMSTEC)

10:00 AM - 10:15 AM

[BPT04-05] One, two, or many species? Morphological and genetic analyses of vent and seep pectinodontid limpets reveal extreme morphological plasticity

*CHEN CHONG1, Hiromi Kayama Watanabe1, Yukiko Nagai1, Takashi Toyofuku1, Ting Xu2, Jin Sun2,3, Jian-Wen Qiu2, Shigeaki Kojima4, Hiroyuki Yamamoto1, Akinori Yabuki1, Shinsuke Kawagucci1, Ken Takai1, Takenori Sasaki5 (1.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2.Hong Kong Baptist University, 3.Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, 4.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 5.The University Museum, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Hydrothermal vent, Cold seep, Mollusca, Morphological plasticity, Taxonomy, Population genetics

Chemosynthetic ecosystems harbour rich megafauna communities, of which gastropod molluscs comprise a major component and have received considerable taxonomic efforts. Pectinodontid limpets, characterised by a white shell with cancellate sculpture and a radula with a single trifurcating lateral teeth on each side, are a common constituent of vents and seeps in the western Pacific. Thus far, two genera (Bathyacmaea and Serradonta) totalling eight species have been described based on shell and radula characteristics. However, no data on their intraspecific variation or genetic characterisation have been published. In the present study, numerous pectinodontid specimens from Sagami Bay and Okinawa Trough were investigated morphologically, revealing great disparity in both shell and radula in each locality, rendering existing species and even genera boundaries questionable. Changes in shell form according to substrate shape was confirmed through live-rearing in a controlled aquarium. Furthermore, phylogenetic and population genetic analyses of Bathyacmaea and Serradona specimens from Sagami Bay to the South China Sea clearly demonstrated that most specimens belonged to one single molecular operational taxonomic unit regardless of their morphological affinity. Although a number of individuals from Minami-Ensei and Hatoma Knoll fields in Okinawa Trough were found to be genetically divergent, these did not exhibit obviously morphological differences and are likely cryptic. Altogether, these results strongly suggest that most (if not all) currently described vent and seep pectinodontids are actually mere forms of a single extremely morphologically plastic species. As a case study, the present study serves to raise awareness against splitting and describing species solely based on hard part morphology without carefully assessing the reliability of characteristics used.